Korean Semantics 2021 KCI Impact Factor : 0.92

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pISSN : 1226-7198 / eISSN : 2734-0171

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2022, Vol.75, No.

  • 1.

    A Study on the Meaning of ‘-eo beori-’

    Lee So-young | 2022, 75() | pp.1~28 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this paper is to consider the meaning and usage of the auxiliary verb construction ‘-어 버리(eo beori)-’. The meaning of ‘-어 버리(eo beori)-’ has been discussed in point of view, both aspect and emotive attitude. However, it is difficult to see these in the meaning of ‘-어 버리(eo beori)-’. Thus, from the perspective that the usage of grams could be divided into the meaning level and the pragmatic level, this paper argues that the meaning of ‘-어 버리(eo beori)-’ could be divided into meaning and pragmatical meaning. From this point of view, It is argued that the meaning of ‘-어 버리(eo beori)-’ is ‘a change in essence’ which means a change in state or situation. And the things that have been mentioned as emotional attitudes correspond to lexicalized implications.
  • 2.

    Performance and Direction of Research in South-North Terminology

    Jeon Eunjin , Shin Jung-Jin | 2022, 75() | pp.29~56 | number of Cited : 0
    The aim of this study is to present the results on terminology research of South and North Korea and the direction of future research. first of all, it was arranged the terminology research results in South and North Korea. The research achievements were reviewed by era. Next, it was established of next task plans through the use of research data. Research directions can be broadly divided into three. First, it is to continuously construct terminology for each field on subject of South and North Korea. Second, it is to publish dictionaries and resource books of South-North terminology. Finally, it is to require efforts for harmonize of South-North terminology.
  • 3.

    The Echoic Use of Korean Ending -ta.

    Kang, Kyuyoung | 2022, 75() | pp.57~88 | number of Cited : 0
    75 The aim of this article is to show that Korean ending -ta can be used in echoic utterances. The echoic -ta can be distinguished from the descriptive -ta in that it represents another representation rather than representing a thought of the speaker's. The deictic center can also be shifted from the original speaker to the speaker of the -ta sentence just as in indirect speech. The echoic -ta can be used in seeking confirmation of the implicature that the speaker has inferred from the prior utterance, in addressing the topic by asking a question, and in quiz questions. The echoic -ta can not only be used in showing the speaker's incredulity or surprise as other echo questions, but also in repeating the prior utterance in order to contemplate about the utterance without any particular attitude toward it. Finally, The difficulty of determining the sentence type of the echoic sentence with -ta leads to the conclusion that the traditional approach which only focuses on echoic interrogatives can be broaden into comprehensive investigation on the echoic utterances in Korean.
  • 4.

    A study on the contrast, contrastive topic and contrastive focus in the Korean sentences

    Cheonhak Kim | 2022, 75() | pp.89~119 | number of Cited : 0
    This paper aims to discuss the contrast, contrastive topic, and contrastive focus in Korean sentences. First of all, the contrast in the sentence can be expressed by the particle ‘un/nun’. If the particle ‘un/nun’ is combined with the topic and the focus in information structure, it can be the contrastive topic and contrastive focus respectively. However, the contrastive topic and contrastive focus are applied differently in linguistic papers. The particle ‘un/nun’ can express two functions. One thing is the topic and the other thing is the contrast in the sentence. When it uses the topic in the sentence, it locates to the beginning of the sentence and combines with the anaphoric or genetic reference. However, when it uses contrast in the sentence, it locates not to the beginning of the sentence. It makes the alternative sets express the meaning of implicature and the noun phrase with the particle ‘un/nun’ would form the latent phrases. Meanwhile, the particle ‘un/nun’ cannot become the topic in the dependent clauses. Secondly, the contrastive topic, it locates at the beginning of the sentence and combines with the particle ‘un/nun’. It expresses the contrastive meaning when the responsive clause appears continuously. There is a case that the question is to give all members but the answer is to give an element among them. It makes to express the contrastive meaning by the latent members. However, it is not a contrastive topic, because it needs more information to develop the efficiency of the conversation. Thirdly, there are two opinions in contrastive focus. One is the exhaustive-listing that expresses the contrastive focus, it would combine with the case-marking particle. The other is to combine with the particle ‘un/nun’ to express the alternative set of implicature meaning. In this paper, I advocated that the former opinion is more accurate according to the linguistic view. In the latter opinion, it is not the focus but the exclusive implicature through latent alternatives.
  • 5.

    Understanding of sentence based on researches on human cognitive system.

    KIM TAEIN | 2022, 75() | pp.121~145 | number of Cited : 0
    Korean Semantics, 75. This study attempted to clarify what sentences are based on an understanding of the human cognitive system. Until now, there has been a widespread understanding of whether sentences represent events in the real world or propositions that have truth-value. However, based on recent studies of cognitive psychology, brain science, and consciousness science, Sentence(utterance) is neither an event nor a proposition. An organism compares, analyzes and judges real-time sensory data input or declarative memory in the prefrontal lobe, the working memory area. Sentence is an output of such a process of speculation, inference, prediction and evaluation on the world. In order to derive these results, this paper theoretically reviewed and synthesized the achievements of brain science, consciousness science, and cognitive science so far to establish a cognitive model, and explained what sentences are based on this cognitive model
  • 6.

    The semantic difference between the speculative expressions ‘-을까’, ‘-겠-’, and ‘-을 것 같-’ in the interrogative sentences

    GUO NING | 2022, 75() | pp.147~173 | number of Cited : 0
    The purpose of this paper was to clarify the semantic and distributive differences of ‘-을까’, ‘-겠-’, and ‘-을 것 같-’ in the general questions and rhetorical questions and to review the basic meaning of ‘-을까’. From the three different usage in the general questions between ‘-을까’, ‘-겠-’ and ‘-을 것 같-’ below, it can be seen that the basic meaning of ‘-을까’ is expressing ‘the speculation of speaker’. Firstly, only ‘-을까’ can be used in the context where ‘the unknown state of the speaker’ is emphasized, and only ‘-을 것 같-’ or ‘-겠-’ is used in the context where asking for ‘the speculation of listener’. Secondly, only ‘-을까’ can be used in the situations where the listener is well aware of the circumstance. Thirdly, when the speaker asks for the listener’s speculation of the proposition speaker knows, only ‘-을 것 같-’ or ‘-겠-’ can be used. And all of ‘-을까’, ‘-겠-’ and ‘-을 것 같-’ can be used in rhetorical questions, but it has been confirmed that ‘-겠-’ is the strongest and ‘-을까’ is the weakest in the terms of expressing the degree of the speaker's subjective thoughts. The stronger the speaker’s subjective thoughts are expressed, the weaker the expression of the listener’s speculations accordingly.
  • 7.

    The non-actualization meaning in -eya ha- modal sentences

    문보경 | 2022, 75() | pp.175~203 | number of Cited : 0
    In this paper, I discuss the non-actualization inference which arises from the interaction between a modal expression -eya ha- and a past tense morpheme. After discussing the general properties of the Korean priority modal -eya ha-, I show that the non-actualization inference we often find in -ess-eya ha- modal sentences does not belong to a traditional classification. By adopting Tonhauser et al.’s (2013) classification which uses a distinction between at-issue and not-at-issue meanings, I show that the non-actualization inference in -ess-eya ha- modal sentences is a not-at-issue entailment. I argue that, in this way, we can differentiate various subclasses of inferences in a unified way