The purpose of this study examined lexical typology and its factors of Korean ‘meokta(먹다)’, Chinese ‘chi(吃)’, and Japanese ‘taberu(食べる)’ based on meaning expansion and syntactic structure. Their meta-verb EAT consists of the etic meaning that is the most prototypical meaning and the emic meaning that has been expanded from the etic meaning. EAT can be divided into six types. After analyzing corpus data, EAT meaning was expanded in the order of 'Korean > Chinese > Japanese'. And there was a clear difference in the distribution. The Korean ‘meokta’ has the most diverse meaning, but the Japanese ‘taberu’ was only used to have a prototypical meaning. Because of the diachronic factor, the semantic expansion and distribution of each language have very different phenomena. Korean ‘meokta’ have been diachronically maintained their form and meaning, but Chinese ‘chi’ was changed from ‘shi(食)’ during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Most of all, the Japanese ‘taberu’ changed from humble word to ordinary word in modern language. Consequently, it can be seen that diachronic factor has a big influence on meaning expansion.
6. This paper aims to review the results of previous studies on neologism formation and synthesize related discussions by selecting several issues that may be controversial. Specifically, it dealt with problems of the hierarchy regarding neologism formation, problems related to the type of neologisms, and the relationship between neologisms and institutionalization. The main contents are summarized as follows. First, neologism is a new word in a relative sense, in that it is made through acceptance of language community according to social criteria. The range of neologisms can also be dynamically changed depending on various levels of the language community. Second, neologisms can be systematized as morpho-semantic neologisms, semantic neologisms, and morphological neologisms based on the newness of each form and meaning. Third, as with neologisms, institutionalization and norm are also relative to each language community. With reflection on the concept of dictionary-listed words, the step of nonce words → neologisms → standard words can be suggested
This paper analyzes the hierarchical structures of named entities in the NIKL Named Entity Corpus, which is annotated with 553,830 flat named entity tags. This study will be a base for developing a method to build a Korean nested named entity corpus. The flat version of named entity recognition identifies mentions as linear spans.
The nested named entity approach analyzes the hierarchical internal structure of named entities which may consist of smaller component named entities. We extracted candidate mentions for the nested named entity analysis from the NIKL Named Entity Corpus and classified them into three categories: serial named entities, complex named entities, and phrases with a named entity head. These candidates were reviewed manually to be selected as the target of nested named entity analysis. Finally, we discussed the span and the internal structure of named entities and proposed principles and guidelines for the construction of the Korean nested named entity corpus
The purpose of this study is to examine new meanings appearing in neologisms and the semantic relationship between them, focusing on Korean neologisms collected from 2012 to 2020. First, there are two types of semantic neology. A type in which negative meaning is weakened or disappears, such as ‘kkang-pae(gang), pog-haeng(violence), deog-hu(maniac)’, types in which technical terms are used in general language such as ‘nan-min(refugee), alh-i(ache), ho-mo(Homo)’. Second, significant synonymous relations were of the following types. This is a case where variant types coexist, such as ‘obeo/oba/ebachamchi/ ebachamchikkongchi’. It is a case formed by differences in the speaker’s interpretation, such as ‘honorable taxation/love taxation/respectable taxation’. Last case formed through the production of alternative expressions such as ‘illegal alien/ unauthorized immigration’. As for the antonymous relation, in the case of a binary opposition such as ‘gangcheol me-tal(strong mentality) -yuli mental(weak mentailityl)’, and ‘choinssa=haeginssa-inssa(social butterfly)-geuleolssa=jungssaassa(loner)-haegassa=choassa’ are multiple opposition case
This paper mainly aims to investigate the interpretation of relevance conditionals in Korean. To this end, an acceptability judgment test was conducted on Korean native speakers, and the results show that Korean speakers accept relevance conditionals only when the consequent clause provides relevant information with respect to the action-relevant decision problem derived from the antecedent clause. Given this finding, this paper suggests the interpretation of Korean relevance conditionals based on the Kratzerian interpretation method of ordinary indicative conditionals with some modifications for Korean relevance conditionals.
Under the current analysis, it is assumed that the antecedent clause functions as a restrictor of a modal base, just like ordinary conditional clauses. Also, it is claimed that a (potential) action-relevant decision problem is derived from the antecedent clause, and as a result, the addressee’s desire to solve the decision problem by deciding which action should be performed ranks at the top of the addressee’s effective preference; then the consequent clause provides information that helps the addressee to choose the best action among the possible actions that compose the decision problem.
This study aims to clarify the structural characteristics of the political apologies of former presidents YS, MB, GH, focusing on the ‘engagement' category of the appraisal theory(AT), and describe the discourse strategy according to the development of the text structure.
Specifically, in this study, the apology was divided into PAT and RAT according to the type of crisis, and the structure of the apology according to the type was first examined. Next, I discussed the discourse strategic functions performed by various subcategories of it while examining the aspects of ‘engagement' revealed according to the structure. As a result, there were parts that were commonly revealed in terms of structure and ‘engagement', but parts that were revealed very differently depending on the type of crisis were also observed.
This study is significant in that it attempted to grasp the interpersonal meaning embodied when language is used in the interrelationship that forms or maintains relationships with other people centered on linguistic resources in analyzing texts. It is also significant in that it has overcome the methodological bias of the existing text analysis discussion.