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2005, Vol., No.54

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    The Gorbachev Revolution and Stalinism: Rewriting Soviet History under Glasnost

    김남섭 | 2005, (54) | pp.3~44 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper aims to examine the various discussions about the nature of Stalinism among Russian writers, particularly historians, during the Gorbachev era. Enjoying almost unlimited freedom of speech under glasnost', Russian writers tried to rewrite the history of Stalin's era overall. They sought to find the origins of Stalinism, reexamined the causes and results of the forced collectivization of agriculture and industrialization, and wrote about the Stalin's crimes of which almost most of the Soviet people did not know until then. Moreover, they challenged the traditional interpretations of the Soviet-German War through which the Soviet Union emerged as one of two superpowers in the postwar era. The enlarged freedom of research of the Soviet past, however, did not always produce good works. This is because rewriting Soviet history has been begun mainly by the nonspecialists such as publicists and journalists who were less familiar with historical research. In analysing the main aspects of Stalinism, they tended to put certain fixed conceptions over the empirical facts in order to serve a political purpose. Therefore, for them, Stalinism was not the complicated social and political phenomena whose mechanism was to be explained, but a historical deviation from "normal course" which was to be refused. Such a low quality of the debate was aggravated by the fact that most of Russian writers still kept traditional Soviet Marxist views of history as their main methodology, which has tended to emphasize political and economic history. They failed to reinterpret Soviet history with new historical methodology emphasizing social and cultural views of history. Some researchers, however, showed their capability sufficient for rewriting Soviet history seriously. Their works made much contribution to the development of the Russian historiography after Gorbachev.
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    The Changes of the Meta Narrative in German Historiography

    Mun, Soo-Hyun | 2005, (54) | pp.45~72 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this article is to survey the changes of German historiography after the World War II and to reflect upon the relationship between the representation of the German past in historiography and the social and political culture. The survey of this article clearly shows that the changes of the dominant version of presenting German development were closely related with the dominant tendency of political culture: The cold war system not only strengthened the Marxist interpretation in East Germany, but also facilitated the continuation of the Nationalist version of German historiography in West Germany. The predominance of the Critical History of Society in the 1960s, 70s in West Germany can be engendered by the reform phase of the German politics at that time, just as the predicament of the social history and the methodological shifts toward the postmodernism were coincided with the political reunification and the strengthening of the European Union.
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    Die Kunst und das Genie

    이순예 | 2005, (54) | pp.105~130 | number of Cited : 3
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    Die moderne deutsche Kulturwissenschaft als Kritik der Geisteswissenschaften und ihre asthetische Implikation

    Lee chang hwan | 2005, (54) | pp.131~155 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Es wird im Allgemeinen zugestimmt, daß die Geisteswissenschaften in Deutschland zur Zeit einen bedenklichen Niedergang erleiden. Diese Verfallserscheinung ist schon lange spürbar, obzwar man darüber erst heute im Ernst zu diskutieren anfängt. Z. B. der englische Physiker, Ch. P. Snow, hat vor ca. 50 Jahren eine Prognose vorgelegt, daß man in der Zukunft vornehmlich deshalb nicht mehr eine wahrhaft menschliche Kultur genießen werde, weil sich die Methodik der Geisteswissenschaften und die der Naturwissenschaften gleichgültig gegeneinander verhalten. Da das Besorgnis Snows für uns bedauerlicherweise Realität ist, sollten die Geisteswissenschaften ihrerseits nach einem Ausweg aus dieser Krise suchen, indem sie die Einheit von Geist und Natur erneut begründen und dadurch eine neue Perspektive für die zukünftige Kultur bieten. Und insofern es das ist, worum es bei der modernen deutschen Kulturwissenschaft geht, kann man konsequent sagen, daß ihr Geist ein synthetisierender ist. Nun ist der gleiche Geist in der Ästhetik vom deutschen Idealismus wieder zu finden, denn sie bestimmt sich primär als eine Wissenschaft, welche die Idee des modernen Geistes, nämlich die Einheit von Natur und Geist ästhetisch erkennen will. Die neue Kulturwissenschaft und die Ästhetik vom deutschen Idealismus haben also im synthetisierenden Geist einen gemeinsamen Nenner. Die Tatsache, daß die Fakultät für die Kulturwissenschaft in Berliner Humboldt-Universität sowohl Kulturwissenschaft als auch Ästhetik lehrt, gilt als einen geprüpften Beleg für die immanente Beziehung zwischen der Ästhetik und der Kulturwissenschaft.
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    Gnosticism in Gospel of Thomas

    Chul-Hyun Bae | 2005, (54) | pp.159~189 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    Wisdom called "Gnosis" is the theme of [Gospel of Thomas]. Wisdom sayings express the truth about God and the human nature. They speak about humans and their proper relation with the world in which they dwell. "Wisdom sayings" in [Gospel of Thomas], like other Jewish, Christian, and Greek literature of wisdom, contains sayings that reveal what is fundamental about humans and the world.Thomas, the compiler of this sayings, reinforced authenticity of his sayings' authenticity by claiming that he is the twin brother of Jesus. Thomas' brotherhood with Jesus survived only in Eastern Syrian Church. It is most likely to have been borne and preserved in the Syriac/Aramaic-speaking milieu where 'Thomas' came to be understood not 'twin' in the literal sense, but as a proper name.One of the prominent theological features which is distinctive in [Gospel of Thomas] is 'dualism'. Dualism itself is hard to define, but it is common to characterize [Gospel of Thomas] as radically dualistic.Thomas's description of dualism in "body" and "garment" language in his saying. It is clear in [Gospel of Thomas] that the body is understood to be something inferior when compared to the inner spiritual self. However, Thomas's dualism is not radical dualism in his description of the bodily reality. Scholars tend to interpret the sayings about "stripping the garment" in relation with baptism, rite de passage. [Gospel of Thomas] not only lacks direct references to baptism, but also contains several anti-ritual saying. The personal identity through 'gnosis' is not so much group-oriented but based on the internal true self.
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    Novel and its film adaptations: Henry James's Washington Square and its movies

    Yoo, Hui-sok | 2005, (54) | pp.191~224 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    It is now commonplace that reading the movies has a legitimate place in university curriculum. Apart from the fact that film studies has established itself as an independent academic discipline, comparing and contrasting original novel and its screenings has become one of the most favorite subjects in literary as well as film studies. While literary intellectuals' antipathy against cinema is deep-rooted, movie as a visual text can be brought into play in education of critical sensibility and value judgment. Much more can be true of film adaptation of novel. It can be even argued that studies of film versions of literary works in class is one of the most accessible forms of modern literary studies to both students and teachers. Comparing and contrasting novels with their film adaptations would be a challenging task; reader, say, of Henry James's Washington Square(1880) and viewer of its cinematic versions should be integrated in his/her critical response. William Wyler and Agnieszka Holland, the two directors who turned the original novel into sharply antithetical film texts, The Heiress (1949) and Washington Square(1997) heavily draw on the popular themes of revenge and love. Readers, to say nothing of audience will be attracted much more easily to the story of revenge and love primarily because of their inclination for wish-fulfillment. Revenge and love is one of the most easily consumable themes of melodrama; whether screenings as a visual interpretation succeed in transcoding their source novel's creative tensions into self-sufficient cinematic texts depends on directors' artistic command of visual language. In case of Henry James's Washington Square, we still find the novel outdoing its film adaptations.
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    On the Derivational Suffixes in the Jeonnam Dialect of Korean(Ⅱ) - Adjectival and Adverbial Suffixes -

    Lee, Ki-Gap | 2005, (54) | pp.225~253 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract PDF
    This paper examines adjectival and adverbial suffixes in the Jeonnam dialect. The main goal of the study is to examine the formal and functional differences of suffixes between the dialect and standard Korean. Most adjectival and adverbial suffixes of the dialect share the same meanings and forms with those of standard Korean. However, some suffixes show dialectal variations. Having no semantic content, the suffixes '-ap-', '­op­' and '­p­' contribute to form the regional variants and divide the Jeonnam dialect into two sub­dialects. The suffix '­deuranha­' corresponding to '­daraha­' of standard Korean has many variants, among which '­danha­' has been developed from '­deuranha­' by the deletion of /eur/. Another variant '­deurakha­' or '­deuraksinha­' is different from '­deuranha-', as /k/ and /n/ alternate with each other. We can see the /k/ alternation in the south­western part of the Jeonnam area. Many other adjectival suffixes including '­eumak­', '­jik­', '­jimak­', '­jigeun­', '­gorom­', '­seureum­', '­khom­', and '­sirop­' have the same forms of standard Korean, but differ in productivity. '­Jik­' and '­jigeun­' are less productive and '­sirop­' is more productive as compared with standard Korean. There are two uses of adverbial suffixes. While one is to add lexical or grammatical meanings to the roots, the other is to form adverbial variants without any semantic contribution. The adverbial suffixes '­i', '­ro' and '­na' have both uses, but '­ni', '­ssi' and '­khe' only exhibit the morphological function of word­formation, not semantic or grammatical.
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    A morpho-semantic study on ‘-색’ and ‘-빛’ compound nouns

    이은섭 | 2005, (54) | pp.275~308 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract PDF
    This paper aims to investigate into some properties of color compound words in Korean. Especially our research will be focused upon the types of '-색' construction and '-빛' construction. There are some subtle differences between these two types of color compound words in the aspects of morphology and semantics. For a start, we can find out that many color compound nouns contain '색' or '빛 as the second root in the process of word formation. Therefore we intensively argue these types of words. At second, we observe what are common properties and differences between '색' and '빛' in some dictionaries. Through this observation, we verify the root '색' directly represents the typical conception of 'color', on the contrary the root '빛‘, even though it is related to the conception of 'color', indirectly has relevance with it. '빛' will be find out to be insufficiently direct than '색' in the aspect of 'color'. At third, we tentatively present some lists of the color compound words which have '색' and '빛' from corpus. And then for a detailed description about the characteristics of '색‘ or ’빛‘, we inspect diverse morphological and semantic properties of first roots which proceed second roots '색' or '빛'.
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