Korean | English

pISSN : 1598-3021 / eISSN : 2671-7921

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.63
Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2020, Vol.77, No.3

  • 1.

    The Influence of Soviet Historiography on the Formation of North Korean Historiography

    Hong Jong-wook | 2020, 77(3) | pp.13~58 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract PDF
    Early North Korean historiography actively embraced Soviet historio graphy. Stalinist historiography, formed since the 1930s, was a national history of the Soviet Union respecting Russian nationalism based on his orical materialism. The ideologies and methods of Soviet historiography were consistent with the goal of North Korean historiography to develop he history of the nation under the banner of anti-colonialism. The publication of History Science in 1955 was a new beginning for North Korean historiography. While the core content of North Korean his oriography was nationalism, the main form of it was collective research, especially the culture of “criticism and self-criticism”. Linking with the historiography of the Soviet Union, which had melted after Stalin’s death n 1953, the culture of “criticism and self-criticism” was created in North Korean history academia. The historiography of North Korea and the Soviet Union became rigid side by side as they experienced the Hungarian crisis and “August Plenary Meeting” in Pyongyang, 1956. Criticism and purging of Lee Cheong-won symbolize the politicization of North Korean historiography. In 1960, the Party-sprit principle and Historicism principle were established as ideologies of North Korean historiography. North Korean historiography criticized Soviet historiography and tried to distance itself from it, but this was a process of internalizing Soviet historiography. In the 1960s, North Korean historiography achieved the theory of developmental stages of national history through the debate on slavery and the time frame of modern and contemporary times. The development and consequences of various debates in the North Korean historiography are strongly influenced by the Soviet historiography.
  • 2.

    Foundation and Networks of Korean Studies in the 1960s~1970s: Focusing the Activities of the Council on Exchange with Asian Institutions (CEAI), the Asiatic Research Center (ARC), and the Joint Committee on Korean Studies (JCKS)

    In-soo KIM | 2020, 77(3) | pp.59~109 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This paper analyzed the formation of Korean studies in the 1960s and 1970s, focusing on the relationship and activities of the Asiatic Research Center (ARC, the Korea University), the Council on Exchange with Asian Institutions (CEAI), and the Joint Committee on Korean Studies (JCKS). CEAI and JCKS belonged to the Social Science Research Council (SSRC). Korean studies had no choice but to start under an America-centric and asymmetrical knowledge production system during the Cold War. In addition, Korean studies were not as developed as Chinese and Japanese studies. At that time, Korean studies were results of mobilization and establishment of knowledge resources to obtain citizenship of the Academy. The purpose of the CEAI’s decision to support the ARC was to strengthen Chinese studies. However, the ARC was reborn later as the headquarter of Korean studies. Networks and intellectual assets formed through the ARC exchange program supported by the CEAI were inherited to the JCKS and circulated back to the ARC. As such, Korean studies formed in Korea and the United States in the 1960s and 1970s were not separate from each other, but were created by interactions and networks (“The co-production of Korean studies”). In the process of the institutionalization of Korean studies, a subject that was emphasized the most was “an empirical research based on materials/data”. The first project launched by the ARC, supported by the Rockefeller Foundation and the Ford Foundation, was to collect and edit historical data concerning Korea. The first project JCKS started since it was established in 1967 was to host an academic conference inviting librarians. JCKS also tried to create the flow of ‘academic detente’ through exchanges with scholars of Korean studies in the Soviet Union. The institutionalization of Korean studies as “Science” and the systematic collection of knowledge resources were impossible in a Korean peninsula in which dictatorship prevailed and which was overwhelmed by the cold war ideology. Ironically, what made it possible was the funds and networks provided by the United States. The impact of the Cold War on the formation of Korean studies was strong and enormous. However, in order to grasp the meaning of its effect and aftermath, we should be free from the Cold War reductionism.
  • 3.

    Sound of Discussion among the Stars Created by the Animals with the Sad Bodies: Choi In-Hoon’s “Topic” and the Question of the Soviet Union

    Jang, Moon-seok | 2020, 77(3) | pp.111~169 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Colonialism and the Cold War were the two pillars of Choi In-hoon’s literature. The novel “Topic” (1994) released in the post-Cold War period, was the reminiscence which was published at the time when the scholarship/knowledge of the Korean Peninsula stopped negotiating with the Soviet Union. This article reconstructs the situation that Choi reviewed his senior writers Cho Myung-hee and Yi Tae-joon’s experience in the Soviet Union and faced the ideology of socialism that supported the aspirations for decolonization and social solidarity. This article performed the two ways of reading. First, this article performed the reading respected the context of the Korean literary history. Facing with the collapse of the Soviet regime and the tragic end of Cho Myung-hee, Choi In-hoon posed the following question; ‘Isn’t there ‘the reality aligned with the great writing’ such as “Nakdong River” or “Capital”’? Choi’s trip to the Soviet Union was the trip to explore the conditions and possibilities of ‘the reality aligned with the great writing’. At the height of the quest, he encountered the speech related to Cho Myung-hee. The speech aimed at the socialist ideals and trusted the development of history and the lives of the people while paying heed to the conditions of reality. Choi, who was on a trip to the Soviet Union in search of ‘the reality aligned with the great writing’, discovered ‘the great writing aligned with the reality’. Second, this article attempted to read the texts against the context of Korean literary history. While re-reading Cho’s “Nakdong River” and Yi’s “Before and After Liberation”, Choi revisited the meaning of the dreams and actions of human, history and reality, and people’s lives. Choi deconstructed Lenin's sentences through the sentences of non-Western Korean literature. And this article complemented the gap in meaning of Choi’s trip to the Soviet Union through Yi’s trip to the Soviet Union. Choi met unfamiliar Korean language of a Russian youth in the Soviet Union. The cultural foundation of the Korean language he met was the life and culture of Koreans who lived in the Soviet Union in the 20th century. Choi also leaps into a time of revolution after World War I in “Topic”. It was the time of universality of mankind, and the time of the periphery of the colonial people. Choi In-hoon discovered the meaning of socialism as a human ideal based on decolinzation and equality. By the time the end of the Cold War was told, Choi In-hoon travel back into the world history of the 20th century. He sought to rescue the ideology of socialism, which supported decolonization and social solidarity, from the historical failure of the Soviet Union to return to its original position: the ideal of humankind. This article named Choi In-hoon’s first socialist ideology that he discovered by traveling back in time and space, or the question of the Soviet Union, as ‘Sound of Discussion among the Stars created by the Animals with Sad Bodies.’
  • 4.

    A Study on Vocabulary Related to Korean Woodwork: Focused on Vocabulary Related to Woodworking Concept, Composition and Tools

    hong, gi-ok | 2020, 77(3) | pp.173~215 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this paper is to systematically organize vocabulary expressions related to Korean woodwork according to category based on fieldwork. Investigation was conducted using the ethnography survey method; Eom Tae-jo, an artisan who was designated Important Intangible Cultural Asset No. 55 was the subject of this survey in investigating vocabulary related to woodwork in Korea. The basic materials that can be used to build a meaningful network of Korean woodwork by gathering and organizing Korean woodworking vocabulary and expressions are investigated by examining the concepts, composition, materials, tools, behaviors, products, and techniques of Korean woodworking. The results of the survey were classified into vocabulary Excel data, audio data, photo data, and video data. The audio data related to woodworking was segmented and stored by the reporter, and all photographic data corresponding to the vocabulary of the survey were collected. Through the analysis of the collected vocabulary, vocabulary characteristics and the basis for naming of the related vocabulary were confirmed. It is hoped that this study will be used as basic material in building a meaning field related to household tools of traditional Korean culture that is disappearing.
  • 5.

    A Study on the Negotiation Process of the 1905 Convention Treaty: The Reanalysis of Historical Records on the Revision of the Treaty

    AN SEUNGMIN | 2020, 77(3) | pp.217~255 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    A Study on the Negotiation Process of the 1905 Convention Treaty: The Reanalysis of Historical Records on the Revision of the Treaty Japanese Government had prepared two different versions of drafts and bribed the officials. However, considering the original records, it has been revealed that the documents themselves were both original and the revision. Therefore there were not two versions of documents, but only one. In addition, regarding different handwritings, uniqueness of amendments, and other examples of treaties, the revision would be the result of retrospective application of the opinions expressed by the officials. Based on these grounds, it can be concluded that the treaty was revised at the final moment of negotiation process of the 1905 Convention Treaty.
  • 6.

    Kye Yongmook and Pyongbuk Dialect

    YU, SEOHYUN | 2020, 77(3) | pp.257~287 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This study asserts that the Pyongbuk dialect of Kye Yongmook’s fiction extends beyond the simple use of his mother tongue and is in fact an intentional literary choice. In section two of this study, I illustrate that Kye uses Pyongbuk dialect not as an unconscious, natural language, but rather as an intentional literary language, by comparing his works prior to 1935 to those after, the latter of which display a significant expansion in use of Pyongbuk dialect. In 1935 Kye Yongmook began preparing the magazine Haejo, founded on a critical attitude towards the center of literary society in Gyeongseong, with a literary coterie of young writers from Pyongbuk region. It is likely that the ‘late’ entrance of Pyongbuk dialect into Kye’s literary works is related to this context. In section three, I compare Kye’s works as they appeared in magazines to their later collected forms, focusing on changes in dialect that appear in the revision process, to show that dialect was an important concern for Kye in editing and organizing his body of work. As major modern literary figures began to form an exclusionary literary center in Gyeongseong in the early twentieth century, consolidating an invisible hierarchy of standard and regional dialect, the peculiarity and significance of Kye strengthening his use of Pyongbuk dialect at every turning point in his literary career is worthy of investigation.
  • 7.

    The Subject’s Recognition of Otherness in Lee Tae-joon’s Short Stories and its Limitation: Focusing on “Moonlit night”, “Son Geo-Boo”, “Rainy Season”, “Pae Gang Rang” and “Sunset”

    Kim JinGyu | 2020, 77(3) | pp.289~328 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study, which targets Lee Tae-joon’s short stories, considers the need for the subject’s recognition of otherness in the appreciation of literary works by analyzing the way the narrator violently identifies other characters. In “Moonlit night” and “Son Geo-Boo”, the narrator ‘I’ extracts ‘the purity of Joseon’ from the frustrations and failures of Hwang Soo-gun and Son Geo-Boo, and savor their ‘anti-modernity.’ However, their modern desires crack ‘I’s’ narrative of trying to stuff them in a de-historicized space-time. “Pae Gang Rang” is set in a war system that makes it difficult to meditate on the purity of Joseon. ‘Hyun’ only sees the remains of Pyongyang, not the modernized aspect of Pyeongyang, which was carried out under the slogan of ‘great Pyongyang.’ Similarly, instead of seeing Yeongwol’s real life, Hyun tries to make her a ‘portrait of the uniqueness of Joseon culture.’ The miscommunicated dialogue between Hyun and Yeongwol shows that ‘Hyun’ is violently identifying the other in the crisis of the value system he faces. In “Sunset”, written in 1942, even the least bit of reality that existed in previous works disappears, and the relationship between Maeheon and Taok is strictly in line with Maeheon’s desire. It can be read as a failure of the subject's perception of otherness that the narrator only places the other in his binomial value system and does not reach new self-awareness in the tension with them. In the perspective of literature education, taking a step away from the value system that is taken for granted in the work and recognizing the unfamiliarity of the other will contribute to the laying down of the foundation for learners to communicate with others, away from their egocentric attitudes.
  • 8.

    Theodore Bibliander (Theodor Buchmann, 1509-1564): De ratione communi omnium linguarum & literarum commentarius Theodori Bibliandri

    AHN Jaewon | 2020, 77(3) | pp.329~363 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper aims to trace and track the fata libelli of a copy of De Ratione communi omnium linguarum & literarum commentarius Theodori Bibliandri. This book belonged to Philippe du Dout who lived at Caen in France in the 18th century. It was stolen and sold to a bookshop in Germany. After World War I, it ended up in the collection of the library of Kyung Seong Imperial University. During the Korean War (1950~ 1953), it was brought to England by an English soldier and handed to Alan Garner, an English novelist. On April 14, 2020, he sent it back to the Library of Seoul National Library. This book deserves our attention in that it puts a stress on the equality of language, the utility of learning foreign languages, and the importance of vernacular language. It also offers us a clue on the transformation of Western ancient grammar into modern linguistics.
  • 9.

    Digital Humanities for Humanities

    Ryu Intae | 2020, 77(3) | pp.365~407 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    This article points out the essential nature of studies in Digital Humanities as Humanities and looked at the academic implications of the current Digital Humanities trend. The purpose of this approach is to get closer to the truth of Digital Humanities. Despite the steadily increasing discussion and interest in Digital Humanities research since the issue of the ‘Digital Humanities Manifesto’ (2009, 2010), there are still many researchers in the field of the Humanities that shun digital data technologies. Writing within the Humanities had been perceived as a Technology (Techne, 技術) in the past, but now it is regarded as a form of academic activity. Given this historical fact, Digital Humanities, freely sharing and expressing knowledge, must be accepted not as a kind of academic methodology that mechanically applies technology but as a part of a high-tech literacy for writing (記述) knowledge.
  • 10.

  • 11.

  • 12.