Korean | English

pISSN : 1598-3021 / eISSN : 2671-7921

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.63
Home > Explore Content > All Issues > Article List

2020, Vol.77, No.4

  • 1.

    Presumed Melancholy: Germaine de Staël, Lettres sur Rousseau

    Younguk Kim | 2020, 77(4) | pp.13~42 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The purpose of this study is to synthesize, from two perspectives, the Lettres sur les écrits et le caractère de J.-J. Rousseau of Germaine de Staël. One, which is theoretical, is to build, more elaborately and in the concrete reality of the text, the “conscience critique,” described by Georges Poulet to appreciate Mme. de Staël’s literary debut work. The other, that is in the dimension of the history of literature, is to participate in the critical review of the concept of “préromantisme.” Our reading has two consequences. First, the empirical investigation on “préromantisme,” exemplified by our analysis on Mme. de Staël’s text, can propose a continuity between Enlightenment and Romanticism, despite the incongruity of the title. As an enthusiastic critic of Rousseau, being faithful to the synthesis of “sentiment” and “raison” that is the project of the Enlightenment, Mme. de Staël invents a necessity to translate it into the new synthesis of “méditation” and “mélancolie” in the figure of Rousseau. Second, this conceptual transformation is implemented through the birth of the modern critic. For Mme. de Staël, the condition for this interpretative innovation is that the existence of the critic must embody that innovation in advance. To define experimentally the nature of Rousseau as “méditation” and “mélancolie,” Mme. de Staël actualizes in anticipation a melancholic way of being. Therefore, the subtlety of critic’s “identification” with his object is not for the subject’s simple reaction to this identification. Such identification operates between the critic and something that has not yet come into existence, something to be made by the critic. The birth of “conscience critique” relies on this irony, that foresees the era of romanticism.
  • 2.

    Romantic Love and Friendship: Jacobis Woldemar and F. Schlegels Lucinde

    Kyoung-Jin Lee | 2020, 77(4) | pp.43~80 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit ist es, durch einen Vergleich mit Jacobis Roman Woldemar das Konzept der romantischen Liebe in Lucinde von F. Schlegel näher zu verstehen. In der deutschen Literatur im späten 18. Jahrhundert findet sich der Wunsch nach einer Freundschaft mit einem anderen Geschlecht außerhalb der Ehe nicht selten. Jacobis Woldemar ist ein exemplarisches Beispiel davon. Der Roman basiert auf dem festen Glauben an der alten traditionellen Hierarchie zwischen Seele und Leib, und somit zwischen Freundschaft und körperlicher bzw. ehelicher Liebe. In der Rezension zu Woldemar kritisiert F. Schlegel, dass diese Trennung von Freundschaft und Liebe allzu willkürlich und nichts anders als ein Ausdruck des männlichen egoistischen Wunsches sei. An dieser Kritik anschließend versucht er in Lucinde solche Spaltung mit einer neuen Bestimmung der Liebe zu überwinden. Die „wahre“ Liebe solle eine Einheit von Freundschaft, Liebe und Ehe bilden. Schlegel begründet die höhere Stellung der Liebe gegenüber anderen mit ihr konkurrierenden Intimitätsformen, insbesondere der Freundschaft mit Frauen, indem nur der Liebe die Absolutheit, Ganzheit und Ausschließlichkeit zugesprochen wird. Die Liebe ist bei Schlegel sowohl ein genuines Medium für die Konstruktion und Kommunikation der individuellen Welten als auch der Königsweg zum romantischen Bildungsideal und fungiert schließlich als Ersatzreligion.
  • 3.

    Carl Schmitt’s Catholic Realpolitik in Political Romanticism

    Hong, Chulki | 2020, 77(4) | pp.81~118 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    A German constitutional lawyer, Carl Schmitt’s Political Romanticism has generally been read as a critique of German Romanticism and liberalism as a whole. His main target of criticism, however, was a 19th century German philosopher and politician Adam Müller and political romantics. They would generally not be considered as the legitimate representatives of Romanticism or liberalism by our contemporaries. I raise and answer the two following questions regarding the representative and political qualities of Adam Müller and political romantics. First, why was it particularly Adam Müller? It was because Müller was considered as the main source of uniquely ‘German’ politics, economics and theology, transcending the inner-political oppositions by Schmitt’s contemporaries in the Weimar Republic era whom Schmitt directly opposed. Second, why did Schmitt, a Catholic conservative, reject political romantics who praised conservative and reactionary Restoration and the Catholic Church in their time? It was because, unlike political romantics, Schmitt considered Ultramontanism as unrealistic and believed that German Catholics should not only support but also lead a dictatorial government in which the executive overruled the legislative by accepting the theory and practice of Realpolitik.
  • 4.

    The Poemic Development of Before and After Exile abroad in Hangye Lee Seung-hee (韓溪 李承熙)’s Chinese Poems

    Han, GilRo | 2020, 77(4) | pp.121~151 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In 1908, Hangyue Lee Seung-hee (1847-1916) went to Vladivostok to establish a Korean community and an independence movement base. He was also a Confucian scholar who sought to restore Confucian teachings through the Confucius movement. In this paper, his Chinese poems are analyzed and reviewed. The literary characteristics, values, and literary significance, especially before and after exile, of the poems will be examined. The state and dynastic situation had become so unsettled that he decided to seek asylum abroad. At that time, he spent his daily life grieving and agonizing, acknowledging the reality. These characteristics are easily found in his poems; his heart, which had to leave his hometown and country, was very bitter and sad. His time overseas was spent in Vladivostok, Russia, and Manchuria, China; he spent approximately eight years overseas prior to his death. As he began to live abroad, some changes took place in his poems. His longing for the motherland and hometown increased, and the sorrow of asylum seekers without fixed dwellings was further enhanced. In summary, his poems show the anguish of an intellectual who decided to leave the Korean Empire for failing to withstand the collapse of the dynasty and the fall of the state. It also shows the psychological pain and grief of Confucian intellectuals struggling in a different space. Also, his literature shows the early and original aspects of Korean Diaspora literature. Furthermore, it is meaningful that his poems demonstrate both resistance and self-reliance that were never created in colonial Joseon, which was locked in colonial control and strict censorship.
  • 5.

    The Narratives and Mentality of the April Revolution by the Liberals: Focusing on the Comparison between Dong-A Ilbo and Sasangye

    Yun Sang Hyun | 2020, 77(4) | pp.153~191 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The appropriation of the subject of the April Revolution is closely linked to the character of the Korean liberals of the 1950s. Dong-A Ilbo, which encouraged the confrontation with the government, quickly disengaged the university students out of the front of the April Revolution and called them the security forces to maintain system order. Through the heroic narrative structure of pioneers, victims, and rescuers, they eventually made the ‘university student’ the hero of this movement. As liberals, they shared an elitist perception of the people, but Sasangye and Gyeonghyang Shinmun had a religious and moral inclination such as Protestantism and Catholicism. In the process of establishing itself as the ‘subject’ of the resistance movement for freedom and rights, the ‘Intellectual Revolution’ in which the role of intellectuals who will lead, enlighten, and guide young students mentally by emphasizing the mental revolution as a future task of the April Revolution is inevitable. Intellectuals who were in the unstable position of petty bourgeois in society, through preparatory theories such as that of Ahn Chang-ho, longed for a material basis for the growth and stabilization of the unstable intellectual class and an expansion of the time and economic preparation period.
  • 6.

    Content Analysis of North Korean Research Journal Data: a New Way of Writing Histories on Balhae Research Undertaken in North Korea

    Ilhong Ko | 2020, 77(4) | pp.193~237 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Previous attempts to trace North Korean research trends have relied heavily on qualitative analysis, resulting in subjective narratives, and limited attempts at quantitative analysis have been one-dimensional in nature. In order to address this need for the diversification of methods for the study of North Korean Balhae research, ‘digital data analysis’ methods widely used in the social sciences were adopted. This paper presents the results of qualitative and quantitative content analysis undertaken on the titles of articles on Balhae published in six North Korean research journals. Descriptive statistical analysis was used, as was Semantic Network Analysis. The results of the former revealed diachronic insights on the publication of Balhae articles, and comparative analysis was undertaken on different journals. The latter involved the use of NetMiner 4.0 software to produce a sematic network, to create ‘content clouds’, and to undertake degree centrality analysis. The results of the this study contributed to a better undertaking of North Korean Balhae research trends, presented a way of utilizing data on North Korean research journals accumulated through DB construction projects, and provided an example of applying digital data analysis techniques to humanities research.
  • 7.

    Battles and Mysterious Phenomena of the Kamakura Period

    Lee, Se-Yun | 2020, 77(4) | pp.239~271 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    In this paper, I tried to take a step closer to the mentality of medieval warriors by examining the mysterious phenomena that appeared during the battles of the Kamakura period. Specifically, the discussion was focused on the aspect of the relationship between the nature of the battles and the mysterious phenomena, and the formation of the ancient practices of Togoku (東國). The Kamakura samurai maintained the perception that mysterious phenomena appeared differently depending on the nature of the battles. Kamakura Bakufu became the driving force to move the mystery of Togoku from the oral world to the world of record. Togoku’s own ancient practices on mysterious phenomena was formed from the memory on the Battle of Oshu (奧州), which confirmed the identity of the Kamakura Bakufu.
  • 8.

    Riegl’s Theory of Kunstwollen: Through the Concept of Double Infinity

    Jimin Son | 2020, 77(4) | pp.273~306 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Aloïs Riegl of the Vienna School has been often hailed as a scholar who established and solidified the most comprehensive and systematic foundation of Art History. Riegl famously upheld a major theoretical principle, namely that of Kunstwollen. Kunstwollen can be defined as the expression of the demands specific to the conditions of a particular period of civilization. One of the main reasons for the lack of clarity lies in the difficulties of locating the material boundaries of art historical research. In Riegl’s theory, the boundaries of art history contains objects of historical significance whose discovery and empirical understanding change both horizontally and vertically the internal dynamics of the field. Thus, seeking a more concrete description of the boundaries will lead to a more concrete definition of Kunstwollen. This article will first focus on the two types of infinity Riegl introduces to explain the scope of his art historical research, namely the infinity at the smallest, atomic level at one end, and at the other, the infinity in its largest, relational sense. Then the focus will shift to the very specific concept of space that Riegl propounds to explain the continuity between the two infinities.
  • 9.

  • 10.

  • 11.