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pISSN : 1598-3021 / eISSN : 2671-7921

2020 KCI Impact Factor : 0.63
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2021, Vol.78, No.1

  • 1.

    Construction and Utilization of the Semantic Data Archive for North Korean Humanities

    Hong Jong-wook | Kang Sooyeon | 홍수현 and 1other persons | 2021, 78(1) | pp.13~41 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The North Korean humanities semantic data archive was designed based on the principle of a qualitative and quantitative approach, and a balance between accuracy and scalability. First, a relational database was built comprising the following three pillars: people, literature, and institutions. Second, an ontology that can express the semantic ‘relation’ between each ‘class’ was designed. Third, a relationship network graph was adopted as a way of visualizing the accumulated information. Fourth, a “North Korean Humanities Wiki” page that is linked to each other through hyperlinks was constructed. The establishment and utilization of the North Korean humanities semantic data archive was accompanied by a process of experiencing the characteristics of digital humanities such as ‘sharing’ and ‘expression’. First, the quality of joint research could be renewed by fully utilizing the communication and collaboration possibilities guaranteed by the digital and web environment. While emphasizing the importance of joint research, the experience of not just fitting into the results of thought but participating in the actual process of thought was a novel experience. The digital and web environment helped to visually share the thought process and proceed with the work. Second, it was possible to attempt a new way of expressing humanities beyond linear writing. The North Korean Humanities Archive was able to express an image that goes beyond human intuition by capturing the semantic relations that are likely to be obscured by the researcher's intuition and by revealing them as a network graph. Wiki documents facilitated experimentation with new humanistic expressions that went beyond linear writing by fully utilizing the unique productivity of digital and web environments such as hyperlinks, timelines, and electronic maps.
  • 2.

    Some Thoughts on the Data-based Instruction for Reading Classics: Focusing on a Case of the Digital Humanities Lecture for Reading Analects [論語]

    Ryu Intae | 2021, 78(1) | pp.43~73 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article is based on a case of the digital humanities lecture for reading Analects [論語]. This Research focuses on data-based instruction for reading the Classics, and looks at the educational meaning of such an instruction. Considering that the lecture has adopted idiosyncratic teaching methods, the conclusions of this article may not be the universal, or indeed represent the majority view. But apart from that, the process of data design, construction, and analysis in reading Analects [論語] in the lecture is enough to be accepted as presenting a critical approach to classics, a collaborative activity dealing with classics, and a creative suggestion for classics. In a rapidly changing, digital-based environment, we are now approaching a situation in which we have to think about a new literacy for reading Classics. In that context, it is possible to suggest that this article presents several implications.
  • 3.

    Digital Humanities and Co-production of Knowledge: Wiki Plaform and Compilation of <Archive of Intellectuals in Modern Korea>

    Jang, Moon-seok | KIM YOON JIN | Eunji Lee and 3other persons | 2021, 78(1) | pp.75~124 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This article reviews the issue of digital humanities and co-production of knowledge around the Project of <Archive of Intellectuals in Modern Korea> based on the wiki platform and its possibilities. The argument of this article is that a new possibility of co-production of humanities knowledge can be opened in the digital environment. In Chapter 2, we consider what possibilities the writing of the Wiki platform could open to writing in humanities. Wiki is a suitable platform for sharing tasks and can identify the process of joint research. At the same time, Wiki enables combinatorial writing that actively utilizes the digital environment through hypertext and the function of extention and embedding of wiki. In Chapter 3, we discuss that data and co-production discover new humanistic issues. Participants jointly designed ontology based on humanities knowledge. In addition, when sharing and utilizing the data entered according to the ontology, a new humanistic thesis was discovered. This article confirms that collaboration using data in a digital environment can open new possibilities for humanities research. Afterwards, the task is to enter data in earnest and realize the possibility of this article’s discovery
  • 4.

    A Study of Successive Lines of Verse (聯句詩) by Choi Seok-hang (崔錫恒)

    Yoo Myeong suk | 2021, 78(1) | pp.127~155 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Exchanges between the literati of the Joseon Dynasty were carried out through the exchange of literary arts, particularly Chinese poetry. When drinking and playing with acquaintances or when departing, poetry was frequently used as a means of communion. Poetry clubs also acted to facilitate communion and one of the poems of Chinese poetry that was utilized was Successive Lines of Verse (聯句詩). Choi Seok-hang (崔錫恒, 1654-1724), from a famous Soron family, was a personage of great political weight to the extent that he is referred to as one of ‘the four ministers of Soron’. He was a bureaucratic literary personage who was active from when he passed the Imperial Examination at the age of 27, in 1680, until he passed away at the age of 71. While working in government, he interacted with several celebrities in the Soron faction, at the center of which were poetry clubs. Through the works that remain here and there in his collection, it is possible to infer that his exchanges centered on poetry clubs, one of the works created by poetry clubs being Successive Lines of Verse (聯句詩). This research does not merely end with an examination of the poetry clubs of Sonwa (損窩) and their relation to Successive Lines of Verse, and the aspects of Successive Lines of Verse. It also looks at at Sonwa (損窩)’s Successive Lines of Verse (聯句詩) from multiple angles, as a means of confirming the meaning of the Successive Couplet (聯 句詩).
  • 5.

    Shim Ik-woon’s “Yeolseongeochaleonseobal” (列聖御札諺書跋) and Sookmyungshinhancheop (淑明宸翰帖)

    Kim, Soo Young | 2021, 78(1) | pp.157~186 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The 18th century literary writer Shim Ik-woon’s “Yeolseongeochaleonseobal” (列聖御札諺書跋) is an epilogue included in his collection of literary works, Baegiljib (百一集). Although not known until now, “Yeolseongeochaleonseobal” is an epilogue of Sookmyungshinhancheop (淑明宸翰帖). Sookmyungshinhancheop is a letter book that consists of a collection of Korean letters received from kings and queens by Princess Sookmyung (淑明公主), the third daughter of Hyojong (孝宗). In this paper, by analyzing the full text of “Yeolseongeochaleonseobal”, the key bibliographical information regarding Sookmyungshinhancheop was newly revealed. In addition, Shim Ik-woon’s critique of Queen Inseon’s Korean letters in the “Yeolseongeochaleonseobal” was examined, and it was considered to be a form of ‘letter critique’.
  • 6.

    Characteristics of Manchu Particle dere as an Inference Evidential Marker

    Do Jeong Up | 2021, 78(1) | pp.187~220 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper aims to present dere as an ‘inference’ evidential marker by verifying that the realization conditions of the particle dere representing conjecture in Manchu coincide with the properties of the ‘inference’ evidential marker in linguistic typology. The fact that dere mainly appears in sentences with second and third person subjects is same as the first person subject restriction in languages with indirect evidential markers. Particle dere also shows the ‘first person effect’ which is one of the properties of indirect evidential. In Korean, Chinese, Thai, and Turkish, when a conjecture marker is used with a first person subject, it can show the meaning of intention. When dere is used with the first person subject, it can also show the meaning of intention. In conclusion, I argue that dere should be classified as an inference evidential marker because dere has the universal properties of indirect evidential markers, including inference evidentials.
  • 7.

    A New Approach to Socialization in Gaebyeok’s Tone: Focusing on Topic Network Analysis

    HurSoo | 2021, 78(1) | pp.221~262 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This paper aims to investigate whether the phenomenon in which Gaebyeok (開闢) acquired a socialistic in tone in its late years impacted on the leadership of Gaebyeok. The analytical approach used to address this question includes three steps: topic modeling, network analysis, and statistical testing. The indicators used to define socialization are first identified and determined. 7 topics and 104 topic words are selected at the stage of topic modeling after the data pre-processing of 334 main editorials of Gaebyeok. Twenty of these topic words that are classified into topic 1 are the most important indicators for defining socialism. This paper then examines how the Gaebyeok became socialistic in tone. By inputting 26,060 ‘document-topic words-tfidf value’, a topic network map was computed, which reflects the relationships among the seven topics. The result reveals that the network centrality moved from Kaejoron (改造論) in the early Gaebyeok years to socialism in the late Gaebyeok periods. Lastly, this paper evaluates the influence of socialism on the leadership of Gaebyeok. One hundred twenty-one identified editorials published in the late Gaebyeok periods could be divided into two types: one written by the ‘Gaebyeok leaders’ and one written by the ‘ordinary authors’. Using these sources, this study examines whether there is a significant difference between two groups in terms of the proportions of topic 1 and topic 8 via the ‘T-test’, respectively. The result shows that socialism’s influence on the leaders of Gaebyeok was significantly weaker than that of other authors.
  • 8.

    Study on Eak-tai Ahn (III): 1938-1940, Two Cello Concerts and One Conducting Stage

    Bogook KIM | 2021, 78(1) | pp.263~292 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    There are surprisingly few studies on Ahn Eak-tai, the composer of <Symphonic Fantasy Korea> and <The National Anthem>. This may be because of his biography, which was first published in 1966 and revised five times until 2006. In the book written by Kim Kyung-rae, Ahn Eak-tai was described as a prominent patriot, and an outstanding musician. It may be that the depiction which was formed through decades as if it was real, has not excited researchers curiosity as a special research topic. However, since the new data related to Ahn Eak-tai have been discovered, the evaluation and interpretation of him have been changed by a certain circle of researchers. This article is the third paper that examines his Hungarian life and the world of his music, focusing on recently discovered Hungarian materials. In the 1930s, his activities in Europe were known through Korean domestic newspapers. Compared with it, in this paper, based on the Hungarian materials, we reviewed the real facts of his musical activities in the period of his Liszt Academy days
  • 9.

    A Narrative of Hatred and the Project for Heterotopia at 1950s: A Study about A Democratic Race

    Kim Juelee | 2021, 78(1) | pp.293~327 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    While reflecting the desire for reconstruction at 1950, Jeong, Bi-seok’s A Democratic Race shows a project for ‘another place’ (heterotopia) which discriminated from the corrupted real world. As a counter place against the real, heterotopia is a utopia which exists the real world. The heterotopia in A Democratic Race is Minsaeng Aluminum factory and Moja apartment, which managed by middle-aged men. As a heterotopia for revision which set against the corrupted real, Minsaeng Aluminum factory shows the ideal for the self-supporting economy with rational posting and job morals. Moja apartment which set against the sexual corruption is a heterotopia for crisis in which the moral of patriarch forbids women deviation. These places show feudalism of middle-aged men and emphasize the rule of patriarchy. So the latter half of the novel criticizes the feudalism of middle-aged men and shows the heterotopia for the youth. The heterotopia for the youth in A Democratic Race is a counter place against the real patriarchy because it gets a democratic communication and women subjectivity.
  • 10.

    On the Fictionality of the Simulated Representations in Computer Games

    Yoon, Juhan | 2021, 78(1) | pp.329~361 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    The discussions related to the theory of fiction have mostly been considering traditional literary works such as novels, plays, or movies as paradigm examples. However, aesthetical questions today no longer arise solely from literary works or films. In particular, the argument that it is not valid to regard the simulated representations in computer games as fiction because they are interactive leads us to interesting theoretical questions regarding discussions of the nature of artistic fiction. For example, how are the representations in computer games different from traditional fictional representations? How does the interactivity of the representations in computer games have to do with fictionality? I believe that considering these questions will not only lead us to explicating the issues on the fictionality of the representations in computer games but also play a significant role in developing the discussion of the nature of artistic fiction. To effectively address these questions, I firstly review the argument that the simulated representations in computer games cannot be fictional and show that this argument can be interpreted as the ontological claim, the intrinsic claim, or the attitudinal claim. Then, I scrutinize the validity of these three claims and argue that the attitudinal claim is most sound and convincing. Lastly, I present a counterargument against the attitudinal claim and argue that the simulated representations in computer games can have the potential of being fictional representation.
  • 11.

    Democracy and Plague in Mary Shelley’s The Last Man

    SEONJOO PARK | 2021, 78(1) | pp.363~392 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines Mary Shelley’s vision on modern politics, community, and the individual in her SF novel The Last Man. This novel focuses on the trope of the orphan to show how the individual, the modern agency of politics, and modern politics are constituted. Characters are presented as orphans, embodying the independent, vulnerable, and isolated state of the modern political being, and they make social bonds based on fraternity, sympathy and friendship, building the foundation of the modern community of the nation-state. At some point, orphans become the children of the State, and they start to conquer the East in the name of father/empire/civilization. Plague throws these children of the State back to the original state of orphans again making everyone alone, destitute, and vulnerable with its ruthless principle of equalization. Plague also distorts the universality of imperialism with its more universalizing figure of a dying man. In Shelley’s thorough examination of modern politics, equal democracy is inevitably built on the figure of death; human society is built on paradoxes of exclusion/inclusion; and the modern agency of the individual is either Nietzsche’s übermensch or the monster in Frankenstein. Shelley’s ambiguity towards the modern world in the post-revolutionary era is reflected in the paradoxical role of the orphan in the novel.
  • 12.

    A Study on Deleuze and Guattari’s Universal History

    Gi-Hyeon Seong | 2021, 78(1) | pp.393~429 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    Universal history is an attempt to give an account of the entire history of mankind. Contrary to the modern philosophers who tried universal history in relation to a universal purpose, Deleuze and Guattari emphasizes a universal object in the center of their theory. According to the way of regulating the object, Flow, their universal history has three types of society: Savages, Barbarians, and Civilized Men. The main arguments of this paper could be summarized as follows. First, their conception of universal history is justified, emphasizing its two main characteristics: history of accidental encounters, and retrospective investigation into the result of the encounters. Second, the nature of each type of society is revealed in terms of the ‘source of production’ and the ‘way of regulating flows’: Earth and coding in Savages, Despot and overcoding in Barbarians, Money and decoding in Civilized Men. Third, the validity of their universal history is presented, in confrontation with social evolutionists. On the one hand, their universal history suggests an alternative point of view that explains both transition and coexistence between different types of society. On the other hand, it reveals the dynamics of power in primitive society ignored by social evolutionists, and criticizes their instrumentalist theory of the state by the new conception of the origin of state (Urstaat).
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