This paper focuses on the readers of St. Luke who wrote the Gospel according to St. Luke and the Acts of Apostles. St. Luke had not only the Jews but also the Gentiles as his readers. Especially the Gentiles were romans and the populations of Roman provinces and colonies, so they were accustomed to the Greek and Roman classics. When they read St. Luke’s two writings, naturally they understood the story of Jesus and St. Paul recalling classical heros or gods on the base of the classical texts to which they were accustomed. In this respect, it is very probable that St. Luke intentionally used the classical narratives and expressions in order to deliver the story of Jesus and St. Paul to the Gentile readers. In this respect, this paper compares St. Luke’s writings with Homer’s Odyssey, Homeric Hymn 5 and Virgil’s Aeneid.