The appropriation of the subject of the April Revolution is closely linked to the character of the Korean liberals of the 1950s. Dong-A Ilbo, which encouraged the confrontation with the government, quickly disengaged the university students out of the front of the April Revolution and called them the security forces to maintain system order. Through the heroic narrative structure of pioneers, victims, and rescuers, they eventually made the ‘university student’ the hero of this movement. As liberals, they shared an elitist perception of the people, but Sasangye and Gyeonghyang Shinmun had a religious and moral inclination such as Protestantism and Catholicism. In the process of establishing itself as the ‘subject’ of the resistance movement for freedom and rights, the ‘Intellectual Revolution’ in which the role of intellectuals who will lead, enlighten, and guide young students mentally by emphasizing the mental revolution as a future task of the April Revolution is inevitable. Intellectuals who were in the unstable position of petty bourgeois in society, through preparatory theories such as that of Ahn Chang-ho, longed for a material basis for the growth and stabilization of the unstable intellectual class and an expansion of the time and economic preparation period.