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2005, Vol.13, No.2

  • 1.

    A Survey of Heritage Language Education of Korean-Canadians

    Kang, Hui-suk | 2005, 13(2) | pp.1~18 | number of Cited : 8
    Abstract
    This research investigates the actual conditions and desirable directions of heritage language education of Korean-Canadians living in Toronto. For this research, a Korean language classroom was observed for four months, and a questionnaire was administered to 246 subjects, consisting of 125 adults and 121 children. Statistical analysis was conducted on the collected data. In general, the analysis is based on a review of the tradition and characteristics of multiculturalism and demolinguistics of Canada. The results indicate that there are 112 Korean schools in Canada today and the majority of Korean schools is governed by religious bodies. The issue is that their goals and instructional methods are relatively unsystematic and unspecified in terms of educating multilingual speakers. Here, it is argued that heritage language education for overseas Korean children should be an enrichment type of bilingual education in order to foster high proficiency in bilingual and multilingual speakers.
  • 2.

    An Investigation of the Current State of Loan Words in Broadcasting.

    Soohyun Kim | 2005, 13(2) | pp.19~42 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract
    This study attempts to analyze loan words from news programs, educational programs, and entertainment programs broadcast by three major Korean television stations (KBS, MBC, and SBS) during the period of one month. Results show that loan words tend to be widely used in daily life―even in those situations in which appropriate Korean words exist―and that the tendency to prefer loan words is increasing. Accordingly, in those cases where the meanings of loan words and existing Korean words are identical and the loan word has not already been fixed in a dominant position, this study suggests that what can be expressed with existing Korean words should be. With regard to pronunciation and spelling, this study points out the phenomenon of loan words being spelled as they are pronounced due to ignorance regarding orthographic rules governing such loan words. Throughout this study it is argued that a more active attitude should be taken in increasing awareness of orthographic rules, as well as in regulating them. Television networks function not only as conveyers of information but also as language educators. Accordingly, in order to perform both functions successfully, gradual implementation of policies on Korean language refinement, a proactive attitude among people in the broadcasting field, and consciousness among Korean speakers are needed.
  • 3.

    A Study on Constructing Discourstics within a Linguistic Framework

    Seulong Kim | 2005, 13(2) | pp.43~68 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract
    This study focuses on constructing discourstics utilizing the methodology of linguistic analysis. Discourstics is a theory which analyses meaning and signification through context and discourse. This theory originated from reflections on dichotomy, universalism, reductionism, and how we think of those characteristics as being part of diversity. The integrated study of discourstics is one area of linguistics that mainly deals with the construction of language. In discourstics, construction of the process of becoming discourse is examined. In view of this, 'text' is a discourse unit within linguistics, 'statement' is a part of the text, 'arrangement (agencement)' is the method of constructing statements. Contextualization and formation for processing and analyses of discourses are necessary. Contextualizing is the construction of context of the text through which the text becomes concrete. There are three paradigms: the value paradigm, the theme paradigm, and the subjectivity paradigm. Meaning is constructed through contextualization and formation. This shows how the context is comprehended and how the meaning of communication through statements and discourse is significant. The effect of discourse strategy results in various signification. Therefore, discourstics is suggested to be an effective tool in analyzing the diversity and complexity of language in a social context.
  • 4.

    Prosodic Characteristics According to the Relative Status Relationship between Speaker and Listener: Based on Dialogues in a TV Drama

    Kim, Tae kyung | Chang, Kyung hee | 2005, 13(2) | pp.69~88 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to examine prosodic features by observing intonation patterns of the IP (intonation phrase), speech rate, and F0 range through acoustic analysis of recorded data of dialogue in a television serial drama. This study shows that the relative status relationship between speaker and listener is a crucial factor in determining different realizations of prosodic features. The falling IP boundary tones in sentence-medial position are used more frequently when a person with a higher rank speaks to a person with a lower rank in an office setting. In the case of sentence-final position, when a person with a lower rank speaks to a person with a higher rank, rising tones are frequently associated with statements, whereas falling tones are frequently associated with answers. It is also observed that temporal characteristics and F0 characteristics are significantly different according to the relational factor. One tends to speak more rapidly in a dialogue with a person who is higher in rank, and to speak more slowly in a dialogue with a person who is lower in rank. And the F0 range is larger in a dialogue between the coordinate than in other circumstances.
  • 5.

    An Overview of Studies of Conversation in Korean Linguistics

    Haeyeon Kim | 2005, 13(2) | pp.89~126 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    Since the pioneering research on turn-taking carried out by Sacks, Schegloff, and Jefferson (1974), discourse-oriented functional linguists have done a great amount of research in discourse analysis and conversation analysis (CA). Inspired by this line of research, some Korean linguists have carried out research on conversation by adopting assumptions and methodology of CA in analyzing conversation data. The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of the studies which have dealt with conversational data in Korean linguistics, mostly focusing on interaction- based studies. To achieve this goal, this research first provides a brief overview of basic assumptions, methodology, and major research topics of CA and development of conversation-analytic discourse studies. After that, this overview discusses major findings and research topics in CA and 'conversation and grammar' in the following terms: (i) turn-taking, turn-constructional units, turn increments, and prosody, (ii) interactional functions of clausal connectives and sentence-ending suffixes, (iii) interactional- sociolinguistic approaches to functions of language and social variables, (iv) conversation, grammar, and grammaticalization, and (v) other interaction- based studies. Based on this classification of research topics, this study shows that interaction-based research can provide a new way of viewing language functions. Overall, this paper shows what has been done and what should be done in the study of conversation in Korean linguistics.
  • 6.

    The Romanization Education in Primary English: Based on English Textbooks and Teacher's Guides

    김혜숙 | 2005, 13(2) | pp.127~148 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This paper provides an in-depth survey on the romanization of personal names and place names, and analyzes the primary school English textbooks and teacher's guides in terms of personal names and impersonal names such as names of places, mountains, cultural properties, food, national holidays, sports and games, and institutions. This study found that impersonal names, with a few exceptions, followed the current official romanziation system while personal names in a lot of cases did not follow the current system and were written inconsistently with several variants. The results show that the inconsistency is either due to English pronunciation different from the original Korean sound or the differences between the current official romanization system and the past official systems. Those letters which did not follow the romanization system include ‘ㅓ’ (e.g., chul, jung, sung, sun) ‘ㅕ’ (e.g., hyun, myung, young), ‘ㅢ’ (e.g., hee), ‘ㅜ’ (e.g., joon, soo), ‘ㄱ’ (e.g., ki), ‘ㅅ’ (e.g., shim) and ‘ㅈ’ (e.g., chi). The names which had several variants were JiyoungChiyoung-Jiyeong, JunJoon, Sim CheongShim Cheong, MihyeonMihyun, SunghyunSeonghyeon, and Younghee Yeonghui. In terms of the order of surname and given name and the aspect of personal names, the textbooks and teacher's guides used the Oriental style (e.g., Kim Minsu) and the reference style (e.g., Kim, Minsu) interchangeably.
  • 7.

    Gender in Language Education and Teachers' Awareness

    Park,Deok-Jae | 2005, 13(2) | pp.149~170 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    This paper discusses approaches to gender studies with respect to language education and attempts to view the role of gender as exerting influence on language classrooms. This paper also surveys teachers' awareness of the role of gender in language education and suggests a way to take advantage of gender issues in teaching language. Early studies on language and gender tended to focus on documenting empirical differences between women's and men's speech and on describing women's speech in particular and identifying the role of language in creating social inequality between women and men. However, later studies have taken a broader perspective to the issue of gender as a social and cultural variable. It has been found that male teachers are not different from female teachers in teaching students of different genders. Female and male teachers may differentiate students by gender, but tend to do so in the same way as male teachers. In this regard, this paper discusses recent debates about the nature of gender identity from a sociolinguistic point of view, and argues that an understanding of gender is needed that reinforces the relationship between linguistic practices and social identities.
  • 8.

    Discourse Approach to Face-to-Face Interview in an English Speaking Program

    Shin, Dongil | 김종국 | 2005, 13(2) | pp.171~192 | number of Cited : 16
    Abstract
    Despite a wide use of oral proficiency English interview format in Korea, little is understood about face-to-face interview discourse in an English speaking program. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether a face-to-face interview test as a form of final test can reflect authentic and interactive ways students practice in non-test or classroom situations. This article analyzed 20 face-to-face talks between two native speakers of English professors and non-native speakers of their students in an English speaking program. The discourse difference between face-to-face interview and authentic conversation (from class activities) was examined. It was found that the interview discourse did not reflect the features of natural conversation specifically in the areas of turn-taking, adjacency pairs, topic nomination and repair.
  • 9.

    Overseas Koreans’ Bilingual Situation and Characteristics of Their Korean Language Learning: A Qualitative Case Study

    Lee Jeong Eun | 2005, 13(2) | pp.193~218 | number of Cited : 18
    Abstract
    This paper examines overseas Koreans' characteristics concerning Korean language learning, and aims at clarifying the relevance between the characteristics, the bilingual situation, and solving educational problems. In this paper, cases of experiences in a Korean language classroom are analyzed utilizing qualitative methods. This study focused on students' behavior and not on their linguistic ability. As a result, characteristics are derived from two dimensions: motivation and learning. The characteristics of the motivation dimension are: 1) most overseas Koreans want to communicate with their family in Korean to feel connectedness; 2) learning Korean relates to their identity problem and cultural studies; 3) instrumental motivation promotes studying; 4) poor motivation for studying arises from parents' forcing. The characteristics of the learning dimension are: 1) verbal ability is not balanced with literacy; 2) confusion arises with the language ego; 3) the speed of learning shows a striking contrast at each developmental stage; 4) cultural gaps hinder Korean language study. As mentioned above, these characteristics can cause many problems in the classroom. Therefore, implications concerning solutions to these problems and designing customized educational programs for overseas Koreans are presented.
  • 10.

    A Cross-linguistic Analysis of Newly Coined Words: Korean, Chinese, and Japanese

    Hwa-Yeon Lee | 2005, 13(2) | pp.219~234 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The primary aim of this study is to examine the differential patterns of accepting foreign cultures through a cross-linguistic analysis of newly coined words in Korean, Chinese, and Japanese. Based on data collected from 2000 to 2002, newly coined words in these three East Asian languages were analyzed according to five different categories: IT (Information Technology), high-technology, computer, internet, and multi-media broadcasting. This study also investigated the characteristics of individual newly coined words, their transcription patterns, and their specific features of word formation. The results of the study showed the similarities and differences of patterns in formulating newly coined words among the three languages.
  • 11.

    On the Origins of Sociolinguistics

    TAE-RIN CHO | 2005, 13(2) | pp.235~256 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    The purpose of this article is to examine the origins of the field of sociolinguistics by providing an overview of previous studies and a description of the current state of the field. Numerous studies have focused on investigating the origins of sociolinguistics and have attempted to trace the history back to the earliest time possible. However, if the necessary conditions for the formation of a full-fledged discipline are regarded (i.e., appearance of appellation, delineation of sub-fields, rapid increase in quantity of research, emergence of professional organizations and conferences, specialized academic journals, institutionalization in higher education, etc.), the beginnings of sociolinguistics can be regarded as the 1960s. As important as the history of the field is the underlying motivation. Sociolinguistics possessed, from the beginning, two main motivations: scientific motivation and practical motivation. Thus, only a discussion of origins combined with motivations can provide a holistic review of sociolinguistics as an academic field of study.
  • 12.

    Research Trends in the Study of Hangeul Ganchal (Eongan)

    허재영 | 2005, 13(2) | pp.257~278 | number of Cited : 19
    Abstract
    This study investigates the nature of 'Hangeul Ganchal' otherwise called 'Eongan' (Hangeul letter) and thereby considers the utilization of it in fields such as Korean history, Korean educational history, dialectology, and sociolinguistics. An examination of existing studies and concerns in arranging basic materials utilizing Hangeul Ganchal is presented. Although earlier studies on Hangeul Ganchal focused on the value of Korean history during the 16c-19c, this study emphasizes the importance of compiling basic materials by suggesting that Hangeul Ganchal materials might be practically used in research. Although preliminary research on Hangeul Ganchal has been conducted, further investigation concerning interpretation is needed. This study attempts to synthesize annotated works from existing studies and to investigate the works considering the perspectives of Korean language history and language education. The evolutional process of Hangeul Ganchal is re-examined to clarify the nature of the materials further. The nature of Hangeul Ganchal materials after the liberation of the Korean peninsula is especially considered due to the introduction of standardization at this time.