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2002, Vol.10, No.1

  • 1.

    A Sociolinguistic Analysis of the Usage of Terms of Address Used in the Service Industry

    Kang, Hui-suk | 2002, 10(1) | pp.1~24 | number of Cited : 32
    Abstract
    Kang, Hui-suk. 2002. A Sociolinguistic Analysis of the Usage of Terms of Address Used in the Service Industry. The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea, 10(1). This study aims to analyze terms of address using in the field of service in Gwangju city. In particular, this study focuses on linguistic variation and its social significance in the use of terms of address and linguistic attitude of speakers. Findings of this study are spreading of ‘고객님’(clients), innovation and spreading of ‘언니’(elder sister), ‘이모’(aunt), and ‘삼촌’(uncle), and generalization of terms of address of title, etc. It is interesting that these phenomena reveal linguistic change in progress and are controlled according to linguistic attitude of speakers.
  • 2.

    An Analysis on the Errors of Turkish Speakers in Korean Education

    김성주 | 2002, 10(1) | pp.25~56 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    Kim, Seong-ju. 2002. An Analysis on the Errors of Turkish Speakers in Korean Education. The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea, 10(1). This paper deals with the errors of Turkish speakers in Korean education and is aim to offer some useful methods, if possible, to the Turkish speaker-oriented teachers. To this end, I present the errors of Turkish students in the preliminary stage of Korean education. The presented errors are divided into three sections which are grammatical, lexical and phonetic/phonologic ones. I concentrate upon as followings: ‘ㅓ()’ and ‘ㅐ()’ in single vowels, the glottalized consonants, ‘ㅡ()’ insertion phenomenon after an independent consonant, esp. in the word-final position, nominative case makers, the conjugation of irregular verbs, relative clause markers, case government of some verbs, numeral expression and word order, ‘-()n/nn’ of topic or contrastive marker, ‘hapsyo’ and ‘haeyo’ style in honorifics, the future tense and mood, the causative and passive in voice, the conjugation of verbs and adjectives, ‘-(a/)s’ and ‘-ko’ in the connecting particles, ‘-ki t'aemune’ and ‘-()l wihay’, and the expression aspect of the verb ‘ip-’, etc.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Functions of Teacher Talk Reflected in the Lesson Plans Prepared by English Teachers in Pre- and In-service Teacher Training Program

    KIM EUN JU | 2002, 10(1) | pp.57~72 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Kim, Eun-ju. 2002. A Study on the Functions of Teacher Talk Reflected in the Lesson Plans Prepared by English Teachers in Pre- and In-service Teacher Training Program. The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea, 10(1). The purpose of this study is to investigate the functions of teacher talk used by English teachers for secondary level. Twenty sets of an English lesson plan written by students majoring in English education and English teachers respectively were analyzed in terms of various functions of teacher talk. The results of the study reveal that both groups used the functions such as asking for and giving information, requesting, responding and describing most frequently among others. In addition, both groups showed some qualitative differences in the use of functions. For example, the English teachers used requests and fillers more frequently and employed politeness formula more often than the student group. The student group used the functions such as responding, describing, explaining, and expressing satisfaction more frequently than the English teacher group. The two groups showed some similarities in the use of questions. Both groups tended to use display and closed questions more frequently than referential and open-ended questions.
  • 4.

    A Study on the Methods of Actual Survey in Korean Language Use

    Min, Hyunsik | 2002, 10(1) | pp.73~112 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract
    Min, Hyun-sik. 2002. A Study on the Methods of Actual Survey in Korean Language Use. The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea, 10(1). For the ideal language policy the administrative part of language policy should survey the actual language use of people regularly. The official survey of language use supports the scientific and objective language policy, but private survey is easy to be subjective and unfair judgement. The aim of this paper is to study the methods of actual survey in Korean language use.To make the good policy for the development of language use ability of people and to maintain the scientific description of actual language we should ensure the actual data of language use regularly, which are executed by official authorities.We proposed six domains for this survey: (1) the consciousness of language (mother tongue and foreign languages), (2) the ability of language use, (3) the features of language, (4) the language behaviour, (5) the environment of language, (6) the language policy. We can make use of the theoretical, sociolinguistic, stylistic, statistical, contrastive, comparative, language- educational, corpus linguistic methods and so on. By these surveys we can propose good language policies, develop Korean language as the major and important international language.
  • 5.

  • 6.

    A Study on the Improvement of Listening Comprehension for Communication With Reference to an Experiment through the Internet

    Park,Deok-Jae | 2002, 10(1) | pp.147~168 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Park, Deok-jae. 2002. A Study on the Improvement of Listening Comprehension for Communication - With Reference to an Experiment through the Internet. The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea, 10(1). One of the desirable goals of listening in language teaching is to improve students' ability to speak for successful communication. However, present-day listening education in Korea is far from attaining the goal in that it is primarily focused on the listening test and its result rather than interactive communication. In this regard, this paper aims to explore effective teaching methods of English listening comprehension for Korean students. Upon the assumption that constructivism provides resourceful theoretical background for the interactive language education, this paper emphasizes the importance of interaction in listening education. Multimedia-assisted instruction (MAI) is considered as one of alternatives. However, despite the high expectation of it as an effective educational tool for listening education, MAI alone turned out to be disappointing in that it fails to provide desired level of interactive instruction. This paper attempts to find a solution to fill the gap. The conclusion is drawn that MAI can be an effective method of listening education only if it is supplemented by appropriate material for interaction.
  • 7.

    A Study of Conversation Strategies on Live TV Debates

    박용한 | 2002, 10(1) | pp.169~196 | number of Cited : 10
    Abstract
    Park, Yong-han. 2002. A Study of Conversation Strategies on Live TV Debates. The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea, 10(1). This paper aims to examine conversation-structure governing strategies which the participants of live TV debates use. Generally, these participants have a command of this conversation-structure governing strategies in order to lead topic and turn-taking structure strategically.First, debaters make an effort to introduce a topic which is more profitable to themselves. On the other hand, they endeavor to suppress a topic which is more profitable to the other party.Secondly, they make an effort to interrupt the turn which is more profitable to the other party. On the other hand, they endeavor to maintain the turn which is more profitable to themselves. As a result, we can say that they use many kinds of strategies in order to lead topic and turn-taking structure more efficiently.So these conversation-structure governing strategies are conducted through mutual competitive phase which is brewing between the two parties. Besides these strategies, there is the other strategies which debaters use by intention in order to achieve their ultimate conversation goal and to manage their image more affirmatively. Accordingly, we need to investigate these strategies more closely in various aspects here after.
  • 8.

    An Ethnographic Description of Kinship Proverbs in Korea

    Hahn-Sok Wang | 2002, 10(1) | pp.197~224 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    Wang, Hahn-sok. 2002. An Ethnographic Description of Kinship Proverbs in Korea. The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea, 10(1). This paper attempts to describe proverbs of kinship, which were collected in a traditional gentry village of Korea. It has three distinctive characteristics in dealing with proverbs. One is to describe 40 proverbs which are actually used in a small speech community. Another is to deal with proverbs of kinship domain, which are not usually the subject of serious studies in paremiology. The third is to understand the meaning of proverbs in terms of their rich and total cultural contexts. In short the paper is an ethnographic approach to kinship proverbs which are actually used in a rural Korean village.
  • 9.

    An Analysis of the Change in Usages of E-mail Text in Korean

    Lee Jeongbok | 2002, 10(1) | pp.225~252 | number of Cited : 11
    Abstract
    Lee, Jeong-bok. 2002. An Analysis of the Change in Usages of E-mail Text in Korean. The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea, 10(1). The purpose of this paper is to analyze the distinction between the usage of Korean and the norms of Korean in the e-mail text. Analyzed e-mail data in this paper are 500 copies that the twenties had transmitted and received. It is the same materials of Lee(2002). The second, third, and fourth chapter examine minutely the linguistic variation of e-mail text from the several standpoints of ‘phonological-orthographic’, ‘grammatical’, and ‘lexical’. The purpose of this analysis is to reveal the extent that computer communication language used in chatting room and notice board is diffused throughout private e-mail. As a result of analysis, we are able to confirm that the phenomena founded in other field of computer communication language appear as it is in the language of e-mail text. The fifth chapter analyzes the motive diffused of computer communication language included the language of e-mail text and the function of it. It is necessary to grasp the motive and function of computer communication language in the process of analysis, appreciation, confrontation about computer communication language, but such work isn't achieved so far. As a result of analysis in this paper, we are to make the foundation of understanding about computer communication language in general.
  • 10.

    The Survey of the Linguistic Adaptation of the Defectors from North Korea to South Korea

    Jung KyungIl | 2002, 10(1) | pp.253~274 | number of Cited : 17
    Abstract
    Jeong, Kyeong-il. 2002. The Survey of the Linguistic Adaptation of the Defectors from North Korea to South Korea. The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea, 10(1). This paper aims to survey how the defectors are adapting to the linguistic environment in South Korea. As the number of defectors increase rapidly in recent years, there are many social discord in South Korea. Furthermore it contains many linguistic complications. Under the existing condition, this survey is hoped to find the way to decrease the linguistic complications in reunion period of Korea. Most of the defectors have been experienced the difference of language between South and North Korea. This difference makes it difficult for them to settle down in the South Korea. But they are easily adapted to basic words of Korean society. It is hard for them to adapt to many new words which are derived from ideological struggle and social organization, the words which written in chinese characters, english, many loan words, and different pronounciations and intonations. But they make an effort to adjust themselves to linguistic society of South Korea. As a result we find out that the persons who are well adapted to social environment also adapt to linguistic environment.
  • 11.

    The Differences in Language Use between Koreans and Americans and Their Consequences: Communication Problems Found in a Case Study of Intercultural Communication in a Multicultural Organization

    정현숙 | 2002, 10(1) | pp.275~294 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    Chong, Hyon-sook. 2002. The Differences in Language Use between Koreans and Americans and Their Consequences: Communication Problems Found in a Case Study of Intercultural Communication in a Multicultural Organization. The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea, 10(1). This study looks at some of the differences in language use between Koreans and Americans. Based on Yum's study as a comparing framework, this study examines the specific differences and their consequences found in a particular multicultural organization. The differences include process-centered vs outcome-centered, various language codes vs less various linguistic codes, indirect vs direct language, receiver-oriented vs sender-oriented. They result in misunderstandings and frustrations among the people involved, and in some situations are led to conflicts.
  • 12.

    A Study of the Younger Generation’s Recognition on Korean Language

    Sungmoon Cho | 2002, 10(1) | pp.295~318 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Cho, Sung-moon. 2002. A Study of the Younger Generation’s Recognition of the Regulations on Korean Language. The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea, 10(1). This paper examines how the younger generation recognize and observe the Regulations on Korean Language. These days, the general use of internet and the misleading usage of the language in mass communication seem to negatively affect the language use among younger generation in many ways. Because the influence on language use through the internet or the mass communication can be so strong, it may not be too much to say that it not only distorts the standard usage of the language but also leads our language towards the undesirable direction in a short period of time. Accordingly, this paper investigates such negative surroundings and also tries to reveal how it affects the language use of young generations. There may be various fields which can be included in the investigation, but this paper restricts its scope to Korean Regulations only, which include Korean Orthography, Norms on Standard Korean, Norms on the writing system of foreign words, and Norms on Korean Romanization.
  • 13.

    English Influence on the Use of the Liquid Sound in Korean

    Seo-young Chae | 2002, 10(1) | pp.319~338 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    Chae, Seo-young. 2002. English Influence on the Use of the Liquid Sound in Korean. The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea, 10(1). The Korean liquid is changing its surface distribution due to the influx of English loanwords. Formally, the liquid was prohibited in the word initial position, but this restriction has ceased to apply to recent borrowings and new words. Furthermore, Koreans have revived the liquid sound in Chinese borrowings and use it quite freely in new word formation. The overall frequency of the liquid sound is increasing in word coinage, as found in personal, retailers or brand names. This paper presents and analyzes such data and further investigates the attitude toward the use of the liquid. The conclusion is that the liquid is socially marked as “young,” “feminine,” and “trendy.” This fact implies that the lexical structure of core-periphery or native-foreign relations have an intermediate level which allows restructuring. This phenomenon is a type of “foreignization” rather than the usual nativization of loan words.
  • 14.

    A Sociolinguistic Study of Humor Text

    Sungil Han | 2002, 10(1) | pp.339~362 | number of Cited : 15
    Abstract
    Han, Seong-il. 2002. A Sociolinguistic Study of Humor Text. The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea, 10(1). The Purpose of this study is to analyze humor texts using sociolinguistic. A comparison of characters and materials of classical tales and those of humor texts indicated that humor texts inherited and added to the components of classical tales. Following an overall examination of humor texts, transitions used in humor texts were investigated. Humor texts employed sequential as well as radiative transitions. Humor stories typically began with sequential transitions and then moved on using radiative transitions. The rapid speed of transition characterized humor texts. Taboo words were used as staple humor materials because people want to liberate suppressed pleasures constrained by binding realities through humor texts. In particular, sex used as story materials. The frequent use of dialects, appears to be closely related to gender. The males were heavier users of dialects than the females ; this is attributed to the fact that the females are under the social pressure to appear tame and their desire to secure social status, which the use of the standard language facilitates.
  • 15.

    The Dynamics of Social Relationship between Two Children at theComputer

    최희경 | 2002, 10(1) | pp.363~408 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    최희경. 2002. The Dynamics of Social Relationship between Two Children at the Computer. 사회언어학, 10(1). 본 논문은 두 아동이 영어학습용 소프트웨어에서 주어진 문제들을 함께 풀어나가는 동안에 생긴 상호작용 속에 나타난 두 아동간의 사회적 역할 관계의 동적 변화를 연구한 것이다. 두 아동의 상호작용을 비디오 녹화하였고 아동들의 발화와 컴퓨터에서 나온 말들을 전사하였다. 분석 방법에 있어서는 Gumperz(1982)의 상호작용 사회언어학에 근거한 담화분석과 Davies와 Harre(1990)의 ‘positioning’ 개념을 활용하였다. 분석을 통하여, 해당 프로그램 조작방법이나 영어단어 철자와 읽기 능력 등 아동들이 초기에 지니고 있는 지식은 도움을 요구하거나 도움을 주는 자 등으로서의 아동들의 역할과 관련되어있었으나, 그러한 비대칭적 역할관계는 아동들에게 단순히 부과되는 거시적, 정적인 것이 아니라 아동들이 상호작용 속에 활발히 참여함으로써 구축되는 동적인 것임을 보여준다. 또한, 학습이 일어날 수 있는 환경이 두 참여자 모두의 협력에 의해 창출됨을 보여준다. 즉, 해당분야에 더 많은 지식을 가지고 있는 전문가 아동 뿐 만 아니라 초보자 아동도 적극적으로 자신의 위치, 역할, 정체성, 지식, 체면 등을 교섭해 나감으로써 협력학습이 일어나는 데 기여한다.
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