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2009, Vol.45, No.

  • 1.

    A Study on the legal problems of the “The Development Project of the waterfronts in the Four Great Rivers” - especially about the compensation problems -

    최정일 | 2009, 45() | pp.1~24 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This study attempts to analyze the legal problems of the compensation accompanied by "The Development Project of the waterfronts in the Four Great Rivers." Therefore, at first, this study examines the background, major contents of "The Development Project of the waterfronts in the Four Great Rivers" by Korean Government, and afterward it will propose the political・legal alternatives. Korean Government describes some aspects as the necessities of "The Development Project of the waterfronts in the Four Great Rivers": ①The perparation for the climate changes, ②The living together of the nature and human beings, ③The restructuring of the national land, ④The balanced local development and the construction of the base for the eco-friendly growth. Korean Government also suggests the following as the major contents of "The Development Project of the Waterfronts in the Four Great Rivers": ①the securing of plenty of water resources for the prevention against water-lacking problems, ②The protection policy against floods, ③the improvement of the quality of water, ④The creation of the complex spaces along with local communities, ⑤The local development centering around rivers. This study aims to analyze the legal problems of "The Development Project of the Waterfronts in the Four Great Rivers", especially about the legal quality of rivers, the ownership problems of the waterfronts of the rivers, the compensation problems on the land incorporated in rivers, the compensation problems on the farming land in the waterfronts, the improvement problems on the permission system of using lands, plastic green houses etc. in the waterfronts of the rivers. This study uses those facts as the criterien of judgements, that is, if the lands are located in the waterfronts of rivers, if the lands are permitted legally for using, if the permissions have the conditions about the recovery toward original conditions, if the permissions are revoked, if the plastic green houses etc. are established on the waterfronts of the rivers.
  • 2.

    Öffentlich-rechtliche Probleme über den Zugang zur Lebensmittelinformation von Lebensmittel-Verbrauchern - insbes. zur rechtsvergleichlichen Untersuchung zwischen Deutschland und Korea -

    Kim, Hyun Joon | Youngnam Tak | 2009, 45() | pp.25~28 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Die vorliegende Arbeit befasst sich mit dem Zugang zur Lebensmittelinformation von Lebensmittel-Verbrauchern, der verfassungrechtlich gewährzuleisten ist, um Lebensmittel- Verbraucher vor Gefahren oder Risiko zu schützen. Als die Lebensmittelinformation sind nicht nur passive Informationen, sondern auch aktive Informationen im weiteren Sinne zu begreifen, den z.B. verschiedene Kennzeichnungen und Rückverfolgbarkeit entsprechen. Es liegt auf der Hand, dass der Anspruch der Bürger auf Information in wichtigen Verbraucherfragen hierbei herauslagende Rolle spielt. Schon aus den verfassungs- rechtlichen Anforderungen für den Informationszugang können die Lebensmittelüberwa- chungsbehörden grundsätzlich verpflichten, zu schriftlich gestellten Anfragen, betreffend Gesundheitsgefahren, Verstößen gegen das Lebensmittelrecht, Verbrauchertäuschungen, dem Inverkehrbringen von Ekel erregenden Lebensmitteln oder wissenschaftlichen Unsicherheiten, entsprechende Auskünfte zu erteilen. Dazu kommt, dass jeder bei den zuständigen Behörden nachfragen kann, ob dort Daten zu bestimmten Lebensmitteln vorliegen. Auch bei Fragen zur Kennzeichnung, Herkunft, Beschaffenheit, Verwendung oder zu den Zutaten eines Lebensmittels ist dies möglich. Um eine Lösung für diese Frage zu finden, wird die vorliegende Arbeit ein Rechtsvergleich zwischen Deutschland und Korea gemacht.
  • 3.

    A Study on the Improvement of Management and the Amendment of the State Properties Law

    Sejin Kim | 2009, 45() | pp.49~74 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    The State Properties Law was enacted first time on April. 8, 1950. So far this law was revised several times. The latest fundament reform of this statue was done in 1976. After that the law was changed only partially. But additionally many of the other relevant statues were revised recently. As time goes by, the government changed the management policy of the state property from the passive paradigm to the positive policy which made the best use of its capacity and for the market. Its basic rule is the understanding of law, the legal complement of the fundamental principle on the management and disposition, the reinforcement of the management in the unused property and so on. The essential amendment is the improvement of public value, the direction and principle of management, the new establishment of abolition authority of general administration, the permission of renewal lease contact, the limited permission of installation of facility, the opening of pubulic information for the participation of citizens. In addition, we will work more and more for the social function which means political function on the line of the public financial circumstances. All the whlie, we disregard the necessity of the law protection on the general property as compared with administration property. But the general property was very important to its use, measure and value. The general property is presented diversely and gradually its character and function, public law and private law. The management policy and system of the state properties will pursuit efficiency and equality for use of land. On the other hand, it will effort positive intervention and conservation for the people's asset.
  • 4.

    Rechtsprobleme der Enteignung nach koreanischem Enteignungsgesetz

    Chung, Nam-Chul | 2009, 45() | pp.75~98 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    Das koreanische Enteignungsgesetz sieht Enteignungsverfahren für Erfüllung öffentlicher Aufgaben und Entschädigung vor. Diese Regelungen sind doch der Regelung des Art. 23 Abs. 3 der koreanischen Verfassung (KV) zu entsprechen. Besonders Art. 23 Abs. 3 KV beruht auf Bestandsgarantie. Fraglich ist, wer entschädigungspflichtige Enteignung nach Art. 23 Abs. 3 KV zu entscheiden hat. Diesbezüglich hat der Koreanische Verfassungsgerichtshof in sog. Greenbelt-Fall die “Trennungstheorie” der deutschen Rechtsprechung akzeptiert und auch bezüglich des Entschädiungsanspruchs Gestaltungsfreiheit des Gesetzgebers betont. Es ist zwar in der Literatur diskutiert, was sog. “Sonderopfer” bedeutet, aber maßgebende Lösungsvorschläge dafür sind noch nicht gegeben. Demgegenüber hat das deutsche Baugesetzbuch also Zweck, Gegenstände und Zulässigkeitsvoraussetzungen der Enteignung geregelt. Das koreanische Enteignungsgesetz hat daher Voraussetzungen und Grenzen der Enteignung detailliert zu regeln. Des Weiteren ist aus verfassung- srechtlicher Sicht problematisch, dass mittelbare Entschädigung ohne gesetzliche Ermächtigung nur in Rechtsverordnung des Ministeriums vorgesehen ist. Darüberhinaus kann der Enteignungsantrag nach § 28 Abs. 1 koreanisches Enteignungsgesetzes nur bei dem Vorhabenträger, also der Privatperson, einzureichen, aber der Eigentümer den Antrag nicht stellen kann. Es ist zukünftig notwendig, dass der Enteignungsantrag - wie im japanischen Enteignungsgesetz - dem Eigentümer gewährleistet wird.
  • 5.

    A Study on Reconstruction of Aggregate Buildings and Site Right as Ownership

    KANG JEONG GYU | 이영희 | 2009, 45() | pp.99~128 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Abstract As presented above, this study analyzed how site right in the reconstruction of aggregate buildings should be treated legally and concluded that, different from that in the sales of newly constructed aggregate buildings, site right in the reconstruction of aggregate buildings should be legally established as ownership. First, as in the results of analyzing reconstruction cases in the Changwon area, division ownership and site right in aggregate buildings have integration, and site right, which has prevented inconveniences in the life of the division owners of an aggregate building, does not play any function in reconstruction. Then, we have to go back to the question of whether, in the division ownership of an aggregate building, site right cannot be legally established as division ownership over the land. It is because the criterion for determining a partner’s gratuitous equity area in the reconstruction of an aggregate building is “the land area invested by the partner” or “the price/area of the land and building invested by the partner” and, after all, it is the land area as the building is dismantled and removed in reconstruction. Second, in the reconstruction of an aggregate building, site right should be included as one of factors determining the gratuitous equity ratio of reconstruction along with floor area ratio, sales price per pyeong, land equity, and construction cost per pyeong. It is because this is a very important factor in determining the gratuitous equity ratio of building division owners who failed to acquire an equity of land ownership unexpected on the legislation of the Act on the Ownership and Management of Aggregate Buildings. Third, in the reconstruction of an aggregate building, site right forms a part of integrated division ownership over the building and the land allotted according to the supplying area of the building (private area + public dwelling area) and the supplying area of the land, namely, “shared equity in proportion to the private area of the supplied housing” or “shared equity in proportion to the supplying area of the building.” As discussed above, it is considered necessary to make legislative improvements for establishing building division owners’ sight right as division ownership integrating the building and the land in the reconstruction of aggregate buildings. key word: reconstruction, division ownership, Site Right as Ownership, the supplying area of the building, the supplying area of the land.
  • 6.

    Analysis of relationship between a law concerning building Ubiquitous City and laws concerning country-city development

    JOUNG YOUN BOO | 2009, 45() | pp.129~152 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    There has been various phenomena of fusion in Information Technology Industry. Namely, IT opens up new area by fusing with Green-Technology, Bio-Technology, Nano-Technology, etc. In addition to the fusion with technology above, IT and space are being merged and the representative example is Ubiquitous city. Ubiquitous city is a new concept of city that provides the citizens a efficient and comfortable function by grafting IT into a city, where a city as a space and IT as system are mixed well. The technology in Ubiquitous City is based on IT and ubiquitous has the nature as a technological element that fills spaces while the city means a space where IT is applied. That means that the legal issue between IT area and city space is overlapped when it comes to the legal regulation about the Ubiquitous City. Problems related with IT which are technique elements mostly have a certain formal arguing point with E-government, Information Security, Digital Divide, Personal Information Protection, etc., whereas problems related with country or city which are spatial elements are systems between statute, especially Administration Scheme. Korea has enacted a law regarding building a Ubiquitous City in December, 2008. This law mainly deals with IT, a technical factor, and city development, a spatial factor. The preceding studies related with IT are coming along very well, whereas studies about spatial problems building ubiquitous city are progressing unfavorably. This study grasped the legal meaning of Ubiquitous City via law regarding constructing Ubiquitous City and analyzed the function of law concerning building Ubiquitous City as well. The law with regard to building Ubiquitous City has legal force that amalgamates technical and spatial statute. Finally, this study does an analysis of relationship between law concerning building Ubiquitous City in Korea and legislation of country-city development with the norm of administration scheme.
  • 7.

    Improvements in Law and System Using Potential Consumers' Preference Survey for Silver Town

    이찬호 | 윤택순 | 2009, 45() | pp.153~180 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Owing to exponential economic growth and remarkably advanced medical technologies, Korea has already faced the risk of aging society at unprecedentedly rapid pace around the world. That is why it is urgently demanded to settle silver town as an emerging type of senior housing in preparation for aged society. In these circumstances, one purpose of this study was to survey potential consumers living in metropolitan and regional areas to profile and examine their financial preparation for senior life and what they valued and preferred in terms of the location and considerations of silver town. To meet the above goals, this study performed analysis. It was found that both metropolitan and regional group wanted strict governmental supervision over the management of silver town. And it was found that 66.7% of metropolitan group and 61.6% of regional group felt it necessary to build up silver town for senior people.
  • 8.

    Étude sur le permis de construire en France - Autour des sources juridiques et du système de composition des conditions -

    김현희 | 2009, 45() | pp.181~200 | number of Cited : 5
    Abstract
    Le permis de construire se défini en général comme un acte administratif unilatéral consistant à exercer une instruction afin de savoir si les constructions nouvelles et les travaux exécutés sur des constructions existantes sont conformes aux dispositions applicables et àdistribuer des autorisations. Ce permis a une longue histoire en France, mais celui dans un sens moderne s'est établi autour de la seconde guerre mondiale, et s'est développé institutionnellement notamment à travers la Loi d'orientation foncière de 1967 et le Code général de collectivités territoriales de 1983. La base juridique du permis de construire français est fondée sur le Code de l'urbanisme. Ce qui constitue la plus grande différence par rapport à celui de la Corée fondée sur la loi sur construction ; si le permis coréen est examiné et distribué suivant les procédures définies par la loi sur construction à condition de satisfaire aux conditions d'autorisation fixées par la loi de la construction et celle sur la planification et l'utilisation territoriales, le permis français est distribué en cas de satisfaction aux conditions d'autorisation fixées par le Code de l'urbanisme excluant les règles architecturales et techniques, mais constitués uniquement d'éléments de l'urbanisme, et les règles de la loi sur constructions sont exclues des critères de l'instruction d'autorisation, mais jugées à l'étape de l'approbation d'utilisation. Depuis l'an 2000, Le Code de l'urbanisme français a effectué une grande modification, à travers quelques révisions, sur l'urbanisme en vue du développement équilibré et de l'exploitation rationnelle du territoire, mais il n'a pas apportédes changements particuliers à diverses autorisations concernées qui constitueraient les moyens de l'urbanisme. Ainsi, pour ce qui est l’autorisation dans le Code de l'urbanisme, il existait 11 types d'autorisation incluant le permis de construire. Mais récemment, l'Ordonnance du 8 décembre 2006 et le Décret du 5 janvier 2007 ont effectué une grande modification sur la partie d'autorisation dans le but d'uniformisation, de simplification et de clarification des règles concernées ; cela a pour signification d'intervenir de façon active en restructurant l'objet de l'autorisation, concrétisant et clarifiant la durée et la nécessité dans les procédures afin de minimiser l'arbitraire de l'autorité compétente. Le permis de construire coréen a pour avantages d'effectuer un jugement prudent sur la construction dans le sens oùles conditions de la Loi sur construction pour la sûreté, l'hygiène, l'environnement et l'esthétique, et celles de la Loi de la planification territoriale sont jugées avant l'acte de construction, pourtant son coté pas suffisamment concret et pas très clair est critiqué car les caractéristiques et les rapports de ces deux lois ne sont pas clairement distingués, et le contenu et les termes fixés par les dispositions. Il est donc prévu que l'étude sur le processus de développement et le contenu du permis de construire dans le Code français de l'urbanisme servira au développement du système de permis de construire coréen.
  • 9.

    A Study on the Academic Systematization of Real Estate Law

    Oh,Hyun-Jin | 2009, 45() | pp.201~222 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    In our country, the system of real estate law has consisted of various concepts. As the result, there are many problems of an indiscreet legislation policy. All of things are vital in the real state law system. Therefore, it is necessary that the new real estate law system to be suitable for the present is established. In this context, this study intended to present the systematized model of real estate law which has publically or privately maintained discipline of real estate. In order to achieve this goal, I reviewed the specific character and range of whole laws related with the real estate. And also I examined guiding principles of them. Then, I expressed concrete opinion about the academic systematization of real estate law. Most of all, I emphasized that the guiding principles of real estate law as a constitutional value should be a common concept which can control both public interest and private interest. On this premise, I proposed that we have to firstly supplement a present "National Land Fundamental Law" to be suitable guideline for land public law and then we should consider an enactment of "Land Fundamental Law" to rightly regulate the private fields of real estate such as the ownership, use, development, transaction and so on.
  • 10.

    Die verfassungskonforme Auslegung und die Interpretation des Eigentumsrechts

    Lee, Boo-Ha | 2009, 45() | pp.223~242 | number of Cited : 9
    Abstract
    Eine Norm des einfachen Rechts ist nach allgemeiner Ansicht verfassungskonform auszulegen, wenn mehrere Auslegungsmöglichkeiten bestehen, von denen mindestens eine zu deren Verfassungsmäßigkeit, mindestens eine andere zu deren Verfassungswidrigkeit führen würde. Damit stehen drei Voraussetzungen der verfassungskonformen Auslegung fest: Erstens muß die auszulegende Norm mehrdeutig sein. Zweitens muß die Norm in mindestens einer möglichen Auslegung gegen die Verfassung verstoßen. Eine verfassungskonforme Auslegung kommt nicht in Betracht bei Rechtsnormen, die zwar mehrdeutig, aber dennoch in jeder möglichen Auslegung verfassungskonform sind. Drittens muß die Norm in mindestens einer möglichen Auslegung verfassungskonform sind. Die Forderung der verfassungskonformen Auslegung, dass ein Gesetz nicht für nichtig erklärt werden dürfe, solange es eine Möglichkeit gibt, das Gesetz verfassungsgemäß auszulegen, resultiert aus dem normerhaltenden Prinzip. Als normerhaltendes Prinzip dient die verfassungskonforme Auslegung berechtigterweise der Wahrung gesetzgeberischer Intentionen. Dieser Versuch, die vom Gesetzgeber erlassenen Gesetze durch die verfassungskonforme Auslegung möglichst aufrechtzuerhalten, ruft die Einschränkung der Aufgabe des Bundesverfassungsgerichts als Hüter der Verfassung hervor. Obwohl die Vorteile der Normerhaltung durch die Möglichkeit einer verfassungskonformen Auslegung nicht unterschätzt werden dürfen, kann die verfassungskonforme Auslegung die Aufrechterhaltung einer Norm nicht legitimieren. Die verfassungskonforme Auslegung ist in Einklang mit dem überwiegenden Sprachgebrauch als Folge der verfassungsgerichtlichen Normenkontrolle dargestellt, ebenso, wie die Befugnis zur Normenkontrolle gewissermaßen kraft Sachzusammenhangs die Kompetenz vermittelt, die betroffene Norm auszulegen. Diese Kompetenz beruht jedoch weniger auf der Notwendigkeit vorgängiger Ermittlung des Inhalts der Norm.
  • 11.

    National security and investment regulations - Focus on the Foreign Investment and National Security Act of 2007 -

    KIM MINBAE | 2009, 45() | pp.243~266 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    This paper is to study national security and investment regulations. Particularly, focus on the Foreign Investment and National Security Act of 2007 examined the relationship between national security and investment regulations. Chapter 1 explains the background, approach, and scope of this paper. Chapter 2 discusses trends in foreign investment regulations in major countries. I compared the law of investment regulations of European countries to the United Kingdom Enterprise Act 2002, the Monetary and Financial Law in France, and the Germany's Foreign Trade and Payments Act. And the United States was a study on the investment restrictions related to foreign companies and Exon- Florio, the strengthening of national security and screening, the United States about the performance of the investment restrictions. Regulations related to investment in Japan, it was analyzing Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Law, the Unfair Competition Prevention Law. Chapter 3 discusses the process of enactment 'Foreign Investment and National Security Act of 2007' of the United States. Why did the United States began actively regulated? we are considering the debate on national security and the strengthening of restrictions on corporate takeovers, swing between the United States national security and the acquisition of free enterprise. In particular, the following issues were reviewed ; Protectionism in Congress, worried about protectionism and economic organizations, national security and law revision. In the years 2005 to 2007, companies filed 313 notices of transactions. Roughly eight percent of such notices were withdrawn during the review stage, five percent resulted in an investigation, and less than one percent resulted in a Presidential decision. In Chapter 4 consider the new criteria for foreign investment in the United States. FINSA and Treasury regulations, CFIUS review process and the committee members, CFIUS transactions being subject to examination and review, and new security standards. Section 721 provides that CFIUS may consider any other factors that the Committee finds appropriate in determining whether a transaction poses national security risk. 'National security considerations' are facts and circumstances, with respect to a transaction, that have potential national security implications and that therefore are relevant for CFIUS to analyze in determining whether a transaction threatens to impair U.S. national security. Chapter 5 is the conclusion of the paper. I have proposed what it means. That meaning the expansion of national security, meaning of national security and investment regulations.
  • 12.

    A Study on the Carbon Tax for Low Carbon, Green Growth

    김동복 | 2009, 45() | pp.267~298 | number of Cited : 6
    Abstract
    Countries in the world are suffering El Niño phenomenon causing extreme droughts and floods worldwide. Environment pollutions and disruptions such as global warming resulting from explicit climate change and greenhouse gas emission became serious threats we are facing today. Now we arrived at a timing to establish organized tax and financial policies in preparation for Kyoto protocol system coping with climate change and global warming. We also have to examine concrete policy direction regarding the introduction of Carbon Tax. This research paper is general examination of carbon tax system currently enforced by Northern Europe, as core means among tax and financial policies for low carbon and green growth. It will also state on the necessity and future direction of Carbon Tax system in Korea. Conclusions on several issues are as following. We need to create separate Carbon Tax system without changing existing energy related tax system in order to drastically reinforce the environmental tax aspect of energy tax system to mitigate the global warming due to greenhouse gas. There is a issue whether new Carbon Tax would be national tax or local tax. Carbon Tax is kind of raw material, fuel and energy tax. Background would be environmental issues on global scale, especially global warming, acid rain and destruction of ozone layer. Also international cooperation would be necessary. Therefore, it is desirable that Carbon Tax would be national tax. Another issue is that whether we would have Carbon Tax as general tax or objective tax, when we would create Carbon Tax as new tax in addition to current tax system. It better be general tax in order to relieve the concern of people on tax burden and to secure the elasticity and efficiency of finance management. Regarding proper level of Carbon Tax levy, we can define within 60%~180% range of threshold damage per one ton of carbon emission, which would be 8,400 Won~24,000 Won. We think we can begin from 60% level, 5,040 Won~14,400 Won then we could gradually and step-by-step increase it.
  • 13.

    Verwaltungsrecht als Vorgabe für Strafrecht - Verwaltungsrecht als Vorgabe für Zivil- und Strafrecht(II) -

    Soong-Pyo Eun | 2009, 45() | pp.299~318 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    Die These, daß die Strafjustiz nur durch solche Standards und Grenzwerte gebunden werde, die in förmlichen Gesetzen oder Rechtsverordnungen niedergelegt sind, ist aus der Sicht des Verwaltungsrechts nicht mehr haltbar. Zur Verwaltungsrechtsakzessorietät des Strafrechts kann in Grenzen auch die Bindung der Strafjustiz an Verwaltungsvorschriften gehören. Das Problem des Verhältnisses zwischen Strafrecht und Verwaltungsrecht wird hauptsächlich unter dem bekannten Stichwort “Verwaltungsrechtakzessorietät” diskutiert. Der Streit um die Problematik der Verwaltungsrechtsakzessorietät konzentriert sich im wesntlichen auf die Frage der Bindung der Strafjustiz an administrative Einzelordungen, sprich: Verwaltungsakte. Im Deutschland wird das “Modell der strengen Verwaltung- saktsakzessorietät” vorzogen. Diese strenge Verwaltungsaktsakzessorietät führt auch zu verfahrensrechtlichen Konsequenzen. Der rechtswirksam erlassene Verwaltungsakt erzeugt auch für die Organe der Strafjustiz Tatbestandswirkung.
  • 14.

    A Study on Judicial Precedents of Exemption to Disclosure in accordance with the Korea Information Disclosure Act

    Lee Soonja | 2009, 45() | pp.319~358 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    An administrative authority tries to, or at least tends to, be of non-disclosure during the enactment of information disclosure act, which is why it's controversial to excessively extend non-disclosure in terms of its legal interpretation; actually, they point out that reasons for, and the scope of, non-disclosure specified by the same act are abstract, comprehensive and vague. An "indefinite" aspect of the term has caused public institutions to make, in accordance with their own arbitrary interpretation, decisions on a basis of non-disclosure, which, in turn, leads to a suit against them that would end up losing the suit. With regard to such exemptions to disclosure, this study reviews and analyzes their judicial precedents from South Korea and Japan by case of non-disclosure whose abstract and comprehensive concepts are provided by the clause 9.1 of the Korea Information Disclosure Act, aiming to identify what they imply, how they can be concretized, and what kinds of considerations are referred to in pronouncing comparative sentences related to information disclosure. As a result of analyzing those precedents, it's been found that there are lots of clauses yet to be more concretely interpreted, although somewhat concrete criteria have been provided through related precedents. To solve such problems, there is a need to establish detailed criteria for reasons for non-disclosure, since ex ante remedies rather than ex post ones are more important in that there is no way to, if information has been disclosed, put such situation back as they were not. It's recommended that enforcement ordinances or regulations based on well-established theories or precedents, not administrative rules without any enforcement, be provided in establishing such detailed criteria. For the purpose, it's expected that this study will help do so such as it is.
  • 15.

    An Analysis and Evaluation on the Situation of Current Scientific Discussions and the Major Legislations of the Korean Administrative Investigation System

    오준근 | 2009, 45() | pp.359~382 | number of Cited : 18
    Abstract
    This article was written for the purpose of giving some reports about the legal system of the Korean administrative investigations. To serve this purpose, the systematic explanations and evaluations are tried in this paper about the situation of current scientific discussions in the jurisprudence of administrative law and the major legislations of the korean administrative investigation system. At first some analysis were made about the scientific discussions of it especially about the definitions, classifications, necessity of legislative backgrounds, limits of substantial and procedural laws and the possibility of litigations against unlawful investigations. The next step was to analyse the current movements of the administrative legislations. There are general and special legislations. The first one is "The Framework Act on Administrative Invesitgations". The definition, general principles, planning, essencial procedures are regulated in this act. The last one consist in more than 160 particular acts. They are the background of the individual administrative investigations. Among them are some acts under the framework of general legislation for example "The Waste Control Act", "The Safety Control Act of Inflammables and Explosives" and another exceptional case of it as "The Framework Act on National Taxes", "The Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act". The major contents of these acts were systemized, some problems of these legislations enlightened and measures for arrangement of them were suggested. The last step was the comprehensive evaluation of korean situation about the administrative investigation. Because the general legislation was made in the year 2007, it was necessary to devide the situations between before 2007 and the perspectives after 2008.
  • 16.

    A Study on Unification in the System of State Liability Law

    김민섭 | 2009, 45() | pp.383~406 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract PDF
    Today, the administrative sections that related with the rights and duties of people have grown gradually because of the expansion and diversity of the administrative working. However, only with the existing administrative relief system that is a dualistic system of the state tort liability act and the compensation can not protect all of the people's rights and profits but there is no appropriate complement method. To embody constitutional principle of equality or to disperse danger, proper solution should be ready, but there is not. In Tese days, there is a discussion about unification in the system of state liability law and the critical opinion about it. In case of people's loss of property due to administrative working, as we have considered that there are loss compensation system by legal act and the administrative compensation for damages system by illegal act in Korean Law. However, in these days, the tendency to unify two law systems to make up theweak point of the system of state liability law has been growing. However, there is critical opinion about this. Especially s theory of state responsibility which is proposed after s discussion of unification in the system of state liability law in Germany is most typical opinion. Therefore, this issue is considered at this . From now on, to practice theory in interpreting and de lege ferenda that can complement the fault of our system of state liability, it is necessary to practice the abstract foundation which is investigated in this thesis.
  • 17.

    Entscheidung des Bundesverfassungsgerichts zu den Landesnichtrauchergesetzen vom 30. Juli 2008 und ihre Hinweise auf den rechtlichen Schutz der Nichtraucher in Korea

    Sung-Soo Kim | 2009, 45() | pp.407~432 | number of Cited : 7
    Abstract
    Nach der Entscheidung des Bundesverfassungsgerichts zu den Landesnichtrauchergesetzen vom 30. Juli 2008 sind gesetzliche Raucherverbote in Gaststätten zum Schutz vor Gefärdungen der Gesundheit durch Passivrauchen geeignet und erforderlich. Die angegriffenen Regelungen sind jedoch nicht verhältnismäßig im engeren Sinne; denn sie belasten in unzumutbarer Weise die Betreiber kleinerer Einraumgaststätten mit getränkegeprägten Angebot. Da für diese Lokale keine Raucherräume angeboten werden können, müssen ihre Betreiber nicht nur Verluste wegen der Raucher hinnehmen, die jetzt auf einen Gaststättenbesuch völlig verzichten oder ihren Aufenthalt verkürzen; sie sind vielmehr zusätzlich noch durch die Abwanderung der Gäste belastet, die nunmehr Gaststätten mit Raucherräume aufsuchen. Die gesetzliche Regelung verschärft so die Belastung der Betreiber kleinerer Gaststätten, indem die größeren Gaststätten, bei denen abgetrennte Raucherräume eingerichtet werden können, Vorteile im Wettbewerb um die Gäste verschafft. Vor diesem Hintergrund können die unterschiedlichen Auswirkungen der gesetzlichen Regelungen auf die einzelnen Gaststättensparten nicht lediglich als Ausdruck der jeweiligen wirtschaftlichen Leistungsfähigkeit und des Wettbewerbs ungeachtet bleiben. Im übrigen ist es mit Art.12 Abs.1 in verbindung mit Art.3 Abs.1 GG nicht vereinbar, daß Diskotheken, zu denen Jugendliche keinen Zutritt erhalten, von der Möglichkeit ausgeschlossen sind, nach Landesnichtrauchergesetzen Raucherräume einzurichten. Die Gründe der ungleichheitlichen Behandlung zwischen allgemeinen Lokalen und Diskotheken sind nicht von solcher Art und solchem Gewicht, daß sie ungleiche Rechtsfolgen für Diskotheken einerseits und die übrigrn Gaststätten andererseits rechtfertigen können. Diese Entscheidungsgründe des Bundesverfassungsgerichts legen einige wichtige Hinweise auf die gesetzliche Gestaltung für den Schutz der Nichtraucher in Korea vor. Das gilt insbesondere für die gesetzliche Beschränkung des Raucherrechts unter dem freien Himmel und die Erweiterung der Nichtrauchzone im Innenraum.
  • 18.

    Legislative and Judicial Functions of Agency in American Administrative Law

    이동수 | 2009, 45() | pp.433~454 | number of Cited : 3
    Abstract
    Today, most agencies implement their mandates using both rulemaking and adjudication, although some use more of one the other. This combination of methods might raise issues of separation of powers if found in courts and legislatures, but the combination is essential for modern agencies to carry out the responsibilities assigned to them. There are two approaches that can be used in examining the practices regarding administrative agencies and comparing them to courts and legislatures. First, one can look at an agency that is issuing a rule and ask why the additional requirements of §553 were imposed, instead of allowing the agency to do what a legislature would do in enacting a statute that might closely resemble the agency's rule. Second, one can examine the question from the congressional perspective. Thus, because agencies function differently from Court, some of the judicial checks, such as strict on the record proceedings or complete separation of functions, will not be workable in an agency. Therefore, to both agency level, it is necessary to adopt additional agency procedure to assure that the essence of a neutral judiciary is protected at the administrative level without losing the advantages of having an entity that makes policy, enforces policy, and decides wether third parties have complied with that policy.
  • 19.

    Study of Japan's Support Project for Law Reorganization of Asian Countries

    Jang Kyo-Sik | 2009, 45() | pp.455~472 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract
    The realization of a constitutional state in modern times is characterized by the support given to other countries beyond e domestic law reorganization. Such a support project for law reorganization of another country is meaningful because it enhances the brand value of the state beyond the simple meaning of support The Japanese case suggests lots of things because Japan overcame the problems caused by the unilateral support by advanced countries related to the law enforcement support project in the past and successfully supported the law reorganization project in each country in Asia. Thus, this study aims to identify the advantages and disadvantages of support project for law reorganization of another country by examining the status of Japan's support project for law reorganization in each country in Asia. Since we will push the support project for law reorganization in Asia ahead on the basis of the evaluation of Japan's support project for law reorganization, close investigation of the roles of Korea in the international support system is required. Accordingly, it is critical to successfully perform the law reorganization support project by planning the areas and programs as well as the targets for support.
  • 20.

    A study on the revised 「Promotion of the Motion Pictures and Video Products Act」in 2009

    Changgeun Hwang | 2009, 45() | pp.473~502 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    「Promotion of the Motion Pictures and Video Products Act」revised twice in 2009. The first, the Act revised on May 8, 2009, and will take effect on Novemver 9, 2009, the second, the Act revised on May 21, 2009 and took effect at the same time. The main contents of the first revised Act are the improvement of restricted showing rate by the demands of the Constitutional Court, the change of power in the entrusting system on the Korea Media Rating Board's member, the establishment of contents information system, and the establishment of restricted watching rate and the little theater that only offer the restricted watching rate. The main contents of the second revised Act was an abolition of additional clause article 2 which is prescribed the sunset regulation on the restricted showing rate. These two revised Act in 2009 and two judgment of the Constitutional Court on the Film and Video Products in 2008 shows the recent important changes about the film, video products. In particular, it is a desired certain legislation in that the restricted showing rate and the restricted watching rate play an important role in social safety system against a excessive expression on sex and violence. But in the longer term, there are question how to unite the Act on the film and video products, and how to make the Act on online service about the film and video products in the business and classification.
  • 21.

    Kritik an dem Entwurf zur Neuregelung des Fernmeldegeheimnisschutzgesetzes in Korea

    Moon, Byoung Hyo | 2009, 45() | pp.503~532 | number of Cited : 14
    Abstract
    Die neuen Telelkommunikationstechniken dienen auch als Mittel zur Ausübung sozialer Kontrolle. In dem immer neue Überwachungstechniken legalisiert und eingesetzt werden, wird die Kontrolle des Staates über seine Bürger stetig erweitert. Das Netz der Überwachung wird immer engmaschiger. Der Entwurf zur Neuregelung des Fernmeldegeheimnisschutzgesetzes in Korea ist unter verschiedenen rechtlichen Aspekten problematisch. Durch Maßnahmen wie Telefonüberwachung und die Vorratsdatenspeicherung entsteht der "gläserne Bürger". Gerade die Vorratsdatenspeicherung bedeutet einen weiteren Schritt in Richtung Überwachungsstaat. Es handelt sich um eine Maßnahme, die praktisch jeden Bürger betrifft und die Unbefangenheit der Telekommunikation erheblich einschränken wird. Die Freiheit des Einzelnen leidet unter der zunehmenden Überwachung und Datenkontrolle. Inwiefern der Schutz der Sicherheit der Bevölkerung rechtfertigt die Einschränkung der Freiheit derselben? Dem Bürger wird durch die Ausweitung der Ermittlungsbefugnisse auferlegt, Eingriffe in seine Grundrechte zu dulden, um die Sicherheit der Gesellschaft zu fördern. Aber der Zweck rechtfertigt nicht jedes Mittel. Der Staat kann nie absolute Sicherheit seiner Bürger erzeugen. Eine Strafverfolgung um jeden Preis ist mit dem Rechtsstaatsprinzip nicht vereinbar. Wir müssen die richtige Balance zwischen der effektiven Anpassung der Gesetze an eine neue Bedrohungslage und der Einschränkung von Rechten eines jeden Einzelnen finden.
  • 22.

    Student's Internet Speech and School's Discipline

    PILWOON JUNG | 2009, 45() | pp.533~558 | number of Cited : 4
    Abstract
    This is a study on restriction of student's Internet speech and school's disciplinary punishment. First of all, this research describes the traditional theory on restriction of student's freedom of speech in pre-Internet context(Chapter Ⅱ). Second, Chapter Ⅲ surveys a discussion of U.S.A. that school could impose disciplinary punishment on student who creates a web site and speaks in the web site. Chapter Ⅳ examines this issue that school could punish student who creates a web site and speaks in the web site in Korea. Finally, Chapter Ⅳ summarizes results of this research. The article concludes (1) that school could impose disciplinary punishment on student who creates a web site and speaks in on-campus under Tinker test, and (2) that there are a few circumstances in which school is ever justified, in light of freedom of speech concerns, for imposing disciplinary punishment on student for their off-campus speech. It is when (ⅰ) student deliberately brings their speech on campus-when they download their personal web sites on school computers during school hours or encourage other students to do so-that schools may properly redress and punish the speech, and (ⅱ) student speech is subject to Tinker's substantial and material interference test, and (ⅲ) school shows that its interest in maintaining order and discipline on school grounds outweighs the protection of students' constitutional rights.
  • 23.

    Die Harmonisierung und Aufgabe zwischen dem Recht und der Biotechnologie

    Hyung Dun Kwon | 2009, 45() | pp.559~582 | number of Cited : 1
    Abstract
    Für einen Staat, dessen Aufgaben Risikovorsorge und Zukunftsvorsorge heißen, bedeuten die rasanten Fortschritte in Wissenschaft und Technik auf dem Gebiet der Biotechnologie eine große Herausforderung. Am Beispiel des Klonen von Menschen hat sich gezeigt, dass eine staatliche Steuerung dieses Bereichs mit erheblichen Schwierigkeiten behaftet ist, die bewältigt werden wollen. In der Prüfungen sollte alle im Rahmen der mehrpoligen Verfassungsverhältnisses relevanten Grundrechte berücksichtigt werden. Damit ist eine staatliche Steurung der Biotechnologie möglich, in der der Staat als Schlichter alle beteiligten Interessen entsprechend ihrem Rangverhältniss in Ausgleich bringen, dabei mit dem hohen Tempo von Wissenschaft und Forschung mithalten kann sowie über ausreichendes Fachwissen verfügt und dank einer ständigen Beobachtung der Entwicklung unverzüglich auf auftretende Regelungslücken sowie Gefahren und Risiken reagiern kann.
  • 24.

    A Study on the Legislative Approach for Improving Plan of the Scientific Investigation System

    신평우 | 2009, 45() | pp.583~606 | number of Cited : 2
    Abstract
    The purpose of this study is to suggest the ways how to develop the investigation system more efficiently and rationally by balancing two ideals of the criminal proceedings; One is to establish the most efficient and professional investigation system and the other is to respect the human rights above all, even though they have incompatible aspects with each other. According to this study, Our investigation system try to find solutions to several problems Today, it is a big social issue that the crime has been intellectualized and organized. To prevent such a series of a crime from disturbing the tranquility of a society, at least the police should arrest a criminal as prompt as they can. It is the indicator, "preciseness and reliability" that evaluate "Scientific crime detection". Therefore, we ought to verify thoroughly the principle′s accuracy and technique′s reliability The scope of "scientific crime detection" has gradually enlarged with development of science. If we were merely content with the status quo, we must have got behind so soon. And it is required of a sound investment as well as continuous research and development. In the meantime, the development of the National Scientific, Criminal & Investigation Laboratory is amazing, but there′re still left a lot of things to improve such as "a criminal identification, an on-the-spot investigation, forensic science and medical jurisprudence, etc." At this point, the study makes observation of research on the actual condition and operation of various criminal identification to derive the expecting problem from a systematic discrepancy, admissibility of evidence, reliance on a criterion for judging, and the discrimination of a genetic information.