The convergence of the information and communications technology which is currently becoming an issue is a new growth engine in the future available in all industries. It is connected to each core technology of industries which satisfies demands, and is applied to the social life which creates infinite, new values. Especially it is making contributions to national development as the driving force of industrial development.
The information and communications technology, however, is causing not only legal issue, but also various problems in real life. Firstly, sustainability of the ecosystem of the information and communications is limited. Storing and transferring the information and keeping the ecosystem healthy in the IT field are regarded as an essential element. However side effects which information and response processes are not systemically organized depending on changes in the external environment (e.g, regulations and controls) begin to emerge.
Secondly, creativity of IT companies and formation of market-oriented wills are scarcity. Government’s unnecessary regulations and interference in the ICT industry cause limits to not only companies and the market, but also formation of private market-oriented wills. Such extreme interference and regulations may ultimately lead to stopping the operations of companies and contracting the national economic, and so forth.
Thirdly, the polarization of conglomerates and small businesses has become more serious economically, environmentally. Especially small businesses’ lack of negotiating power results in not only undermining the foundations for growth, but also weakening competitiveness throughout major industries. It also creates exclusive and subordinate relations between conglomerates and small businesses, thereby leading to difficulties in attracting various clients or lack of autogenic power.
Fourthly, entry into overseas markets remains low. That’s because export procedures are quite complicated and high taxes and below-cost tendering result in dropping the worker pay. Even for exports of government’s e- government, promoting the overall business, establishing and executing strategies, etc are also pointed out as one of the reasons for the failure.
Improvement plans against problems arising out of the information and communications technology as described above are shown as follows: Firstly, a complete reversal of promotion policies on the information technology industry is necessary for sustainable growth of the information industry. In other words, principles such as social regulation for the information technology industry, citizen participation, government’s supports for research development and technical innovation are necessary.
Secondly, balanced development of the national economy should be promoted through fair competition by creativity of companies, market entry based on economic efficiency, and efficiency improvement of economy by virtuous circle connection of resource distribution. In the IT market, exploring widespread overseas markets rather than limited domestic market is more important. To do this, government’s active encouragement and support are required.
Thirdly, setting a foundation of sustainable growth for the national economy by strengthening a win-win relationship between conglomerates and small businesses, increasing their competitiveness, and resolving their polarization are required. Therefore the nation has to set goals and push forward with the policy for a win-win cooperation of conglomerates and small businesses, implement technology and manpower exchange, select and support top cooperative companies, ease income disparity between conglomerates and small businesses, and encourage public institutions to cooperate with small businesses.
Fourthly, in order to help IT service companies expand their exports, the government need to actively give enterprise-level support to such companies through provision of information, consultation, advisory, and training, etc regarding export and overseas market in advance. And even for e-government export, enterprises’ needs should be reflected through cooperation and reaction capability with the government organizations. Strengthening negotiating power against the other nation through establishment plan of e-government, consulting of technical support, exchange of e-government’s MOU, and so forth are additionally necessary.
In the final analysis, there should be an integrated organization and legislative supplement in the current positive law in order to have a sustainable development of ecosystem for the information and communications technology, promote the creativity, have a mutual growth of conglomerates and small businesses, and expand into overseas markets. Consequently it will help the information and communications technology and enterprises develop as well as expansion of the national competitive power.