The concept of human dignity has played an important role in various areas. In particular, the historical lessons learned from totalitarianism have had a great influence on the Constitution and other countries since the end of World War II. It has greatly contributed to the prevention of cruel acts such as torture of humans and human experiments. Human dignity is also a historical concept in Germany that has been confirmed by historical experiences. It was emphasized that there was no need for further evidence in itself.
However, the concept is ambiguous compared to the wide-ranging and often used human dignity. The ambiguity of the concept of human dignity is a target of criticism. It also takes a religious view of the divine nature, which is the basis of human dignity. Recently, advances in science and technology and biomedical science have been developing. It is leading to criticism of human dignity. At the bioethics level, there are also arguments that human dignity is useless.
Then, why does traditional interpretations of human dignity conflict in modern society? Human dignity is also linked to birth, life and death. However, the concept of human dignity is ambiguous. The reason is that the human concept is ambiguous. A new interpretation of the concept of dignity emphasizes the individual ego and personality of the minority or the elderly. A new interpretation of human dignity presupposes specific differences and diversity between people. Therefore, they interpret problems that cannot be covered by traditional sense as individual dignity rather than human dignity.
New interpretations of the concept of human dignity are emphasized in bioethics or biomedical science. Biomedical is a region of interest in which individual desires, choices and actions are greater than human beings or the whole. It is also related to the development of biomedical science to enable embryos, abortions, gene editing and human cloning through new concepts of dignity. Kant's Categorical Imperative does not prevent this situation from being promoted by biotechnology and biomedical science. Therefore, it is necessary to review various factors, such as uncertainty and imperfections, nature and chance, to complement the dignity of human beings suited to the new times.
In this study, I would like to examine the concept and use of human dignity, the futility and usefulness of human dignity, and the necessity of rebuilding human dignity. I want to consider interpreting the human dignity raised in the bioethics. I would also like to explore ways of interpreting human dignity in a traditional way to maintain consistency in the field of biomedical science.