A Comparative Study on the Legislative Policy of Fishery by-products in Korea and Japan
Korea is surrounded by the sea with three seashores of the four geographical directions, which provides abundant fishery resources. Though fishery products have precious source of protein, by-products are an industrial waste. Along with the increased consumption of fishery products, the volume of by-products is also increasing in the course of processing the fishery products. This raises a variety of problems such as stench, sewage, hindering people's health, increasing cost, etc.
Recently, there are various efforts being made to recycle the fishery by-products to cope with the situation, Especially, clam shells are recycled as fish reef to improve the environments of fishing grounds, fertilizer, laver seed collector, etc. However, incomplete legislation on fishery by-products prevents the efficient management and utilization.
In Japan, “Act on the management of waste” designates the by-products as waste. However, according to the “Act on the promotion of recycling of food circular resources”, fishery businesses over a certain size are obliged to register as the beginning point of recycling to separate and discharge the fishery by-products. Local governments are engaged in saving resources by establishing a recycling factory to recycle the by-products as raw materials for food, fertilizer, feed, etc. The act empowers local governments to lead the management of the by-products.
As such, it is needed to make a legislation for efficient and reasonable recycling of fishery by-products by establishing (proposed) “Act on the management and utilization of fishery by-products”. Major contents may include providing clear basis on fishery by-products, establishing basic plan for fishery by-products, preparing utilization and management strategy for fishery by-products, and stipulating the method of public discharge of fishery by-products.
It is a waste if you dump it, but it is a resource if you recycle it. Fishery by-products are wastes if wasted, but can be a great resources if recycled.