The road is the foundation of economic growth and the basis for realizing freedom of movement, and is a representative tribute shared for public purposes. However, the roads require a huge budget to build, so the government is not building enough roads to meet demand. As an exception to the principle of free road disclosure, the government introduced and operates a toll road system that charges a certain toll when using the road. Current toll roads can be divided into roads constructed and operated by the government and roads constructed and operated by companies by private investment.
The government is driving a policy to strengthen the publicity of toll roads, focusing on the contents of cutting high tolls on toll roads using private investment. However, the discussions now focus on lowering tolls rather than discussing what the publicity of toll roads is. Although reducing the toll is an important way to increase publicity on the toll road, it is hard to say that it is a fundamental measure.
Publicity, despite many discussions, has not been materialized in individual domains due to the multiplicity and ambiguity of the concept. As a result, publicity is often a qualifier that shows the legitimacy of individual policies.
The publicity of toll roads should basically have the elements of citizenship, public interest, and publicity that are discussed as general elements of publicity. Rather than being clearly distinguished, these elements fuse and complement each other to shape the concept of publicity. Based on this, the publicity of toll roads can be more concretely considered in consideration of the nature of roads as public goods and national mission theory as an exception to the principle of free public roads.
The discussion of conceptualization of publicity in concrete areas beyond general conceptualization is still insufficient, and this is also true in the road sector. In order to further refine the publicity of the road sector, many discussions on publicity in specific fields such as environmental infringement of toll roads, participation of residents, and reduction of tolls for the weak of traffic should be continuously promoted.