From the 1990s to the early 2000s, Japan focused on regional competition policy. As a result, relaxation of administrative regulations, and decentralization have caused many social harmful effect. Meanwhile, population decline and aging have accelerated. In recent years, the Japanese government has taken this social problems of low birth rate and aging seriously and implemented various policies for balanced development of the country. Over the past decade, various laws have been enacted or revised for urban regeneration projects.
This study examines Local Regeneration Act to bring about the revitalization of the local economy. It also organizes the main contents of the Urban Regeneration Special Measures Act, which was enacted to address the harmful effects caused by the expansion of large cities where all economic sources are concentrated, and reviews policies for regenerative projects in each region. Regenerative business policies and legislation in each region of Japan are becoming a hot topic in our society. In particular, given the fact that the pace of low birth rates and aging is progressing faster than Japanese society, it is necessary to examine and discuss Japan's legal trends in more detail from a comparative legal perspective.