Modern society pursues profits and leads economic life through various occupations. Industrial development and economic growth are generating various security demands. However, there is a limit to responding to the public's demand for security as a security work performed by existing public institutions. The private security industry that has developed along with economic growth is the private security industry, which has only relied on public goods so far, and the private sector has begun to take part in securing safety.
Among the demands for public safety, the most important thing is the Private Investigator system. The introduction of the Private Investigator system has been discussed at the National Assembly for over 20 years, but the legislation has not yet been passed. In the past, the government announced that it would introduce a Private Investigator system to create jobs and meet the demand for public safety, but the introduction failed.
The Private Investigator system should also be introduced in terms of the people's freedom of choice of profession, and in particular, it has the advantage of responding to the public's security needs by performing tasks in accordance with the demands of consumers in areas that the police agency is not responsible for. Since the private sector can make up for the areas that these public institutions are not in charge of, a safe society can be realized.
Therefore, this study compared and reviewed foreign systems with respect to the Private Investigator system, and suggested a legislative plan for the investigation business that can be introduced into Korea in the future.