The essence of a nation's form is to classify a single nation as a complex state, with no unity but the essence of diversity. In this paper, we will look at the ideological basis of French decentralization from an ideological perspective, focusing on the federal and single states of the composite states.
In the past, there was a wide gap between a single state and a federal state, but in France, intermediate metropolitan municipalities are expanding, and relations between the two tend to be close and decentralized, with views comparing France's weakness in European communities with German or Spanish states.
In a single French country, centralization and decentralization will take place depending on whether power is dispersed or concentrated. France is the country where this is well realized, and I think that from a historical point of view, addressing it as the ideological basis of these single and federal states will help us understand the history of French local autonomy.
Recently, the issue of centralization and decentralization was of keen interest in realizing local autonomy in Korea, and based on this, the local police system and the recall system were introduced.
In France, the distinction between the federal system and the national union system is clear from a legal point of view, but in real politics, the two are often confused. Especially during the French Revolution and the 19th century, from simple political alliances to the federal system of the United States, the two concepts were confused over and over again for the French.