A Study on the Reinforcement of Residents' Participation in Urban Planning
The formation of urban planning through the establishment, modification, and abolition of urban planning is related to the public interest for the development and use of efficient local spaces, as well as the private interest of residents' rights and quality of life. Therefore, legislative research is needed in which residents can effectively reflect their opinions or interests in the process of forming urban planning from a partnership with the Planning Administration.
Residents' participation in the formation process of urban planning contributes to the formation of defect-free urban planning based on residents' opinions, etc., beyond matters related to the protection of residents' rights, etc. Therefore, it is necessary to discuss ways to strengthen residents' participation in the establishment of urban planning so that residents' participation can be effective.
In this study, the significance and necessity of residents' participation in the establishment of urban planning (Ⅱ) are examined, and in this regard, participatory democracy in the administrative process, principles of cooperation in planned administration, transparency and openness of planned administration, protection of residents' rights, and preventive administrative control are discussed. This study also examined the method of residents' participation in urban planning under the Current National Land Planning Act (Ⅲ), which discusses the public hearings on metropolitan and urban master planning, and the right to propose and state opinions of residents in urban management plans.
Lastly, various measures were proposed to strengthen residents' participation in the formation of urban planning(Ⅳ). The fundamental objectives of the measures are as follows: First, it is necessary to prescribe the procedures for residents' opinions in the basic survey stage in the National Land Planning Act.
Second, it is necessary to hold public hearings in the establishment of urban management plans, and Measures are needed to make public hearings practical.
Third, it is necessary to expand the scope of residents' right to propose urban management plans, and measures are needed to revitalize residents' right to propose urban management plans and secure its effectiveness.
Fourth, measures should be taken to overcome the formalization of listening to residents' opinions in the establishment of urban management plans, etc.
Fifth, it is necessary to strengthen the participation of residents' representatives in urban planning committees and the committee's openness.