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Inscription of Japan's UNESCO World Heritage and Conflict of Northeast Asian History

Hwang Sun-Ik 1

1고려대학교 한국사연구소

Candidate

ABSTRACT

Historical conflicts between Korea and Japan was intensified when ‘modern industrial facilities of Japan’(Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution: Iron and Steel, Shipbuilding and Coal Mining) have been inscripted as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2015. Because many of Japan's major modern industrial facilities were fields of compulsory mobilization by Japanese imperialism. In particular, history conflict surrounding the World Heritage was popularly heighten while ‘Island of Warship(Hashima)’ became the symbolic place of history conflict between Korea and Japan. Excavation and the utilization of modern heritage sought by the Agency for Cultural Affairs in 1990s. And the Ministry of Economy was designed to ‘modernize industrial heritage’ by linking them with ‘industrial heritage’ in 2000s. Eventually, remains of across the country emerged as a historical and cultural heritage for ‘regional revitalization’, which led to the ‘industrial revolution of the Meiji(Sites of Japan's Meiji Industrial Revolution: Iron and Steel, Shipbuilding and Coal Mining)’ inscripted as a World Heritage. Memory of the World was been different from World Cultural Heritage, which led the Japanese government. Interest in documentary was rapidly risen through listing of ‘Sakubei Yamamoto Collection’ as a first Japanese Memory of the World which led Fukuoka Dagawa city(田川) in 2011. After that promoting Memory of the World by the Government and ‘heritage excavation’ of each region have led to competitive. Japan's World Heritage became a history issue when modern heritage authorized as a worldwide heritage. However, debates about UNESCO heritage which sparked by Japanese has not only history issue of compulsory mobilization. China has protest against historical provocations. On the other hand, Collection of the ‘Nanjing Massacre’ listed as a ‘Memory of the World(2015)’. The Japanese government has vigorously opposed it. South Korea has promoted to listing record of Japanese military ‘comfort women’ and compulsory mobilization through international coalition. For the modern history of Korea, China and Japan now has a staggered historical consciousness spark East Asia ‘history wars’ surrounding ‘UNESCO heritage’ which is expected to continue for a while. The history of conflict in Northeast Asia is rising now, Korea, China and Japan will look back at the original value of World Heritage.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.