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Military Relief and Bereaved Families of Fallen Soldiers in Joseon under the Japanese Colonial Rule in Wartime

Kim, Hyun-Ah 1

1한림대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study is aimed at exploring the trend of military relief over the periods before and after the implementation of the Army Special Volunteer System and in the run-up to the Japanese conscription of Koreans into the armed forces by looking at military relief programs under the Service Members Relief Act. In particular, the study paid attention to the fact that the military relief disguised Japan’s attempt for spiritual education and imperialization of bereaved families of fallen soldiers. Reportedly, the sheltered workshop was set up to provide financial support for the wives of fallen soldiers but the true intention was to encourage them to proud as a bereaved family by making them a role model for other wives and mothers of men in services. As the number of Korean conscripts increased in the run-up to the Japanese conscription of Koreans into the armed forces, there was a recognition of possible increase in bereaved families of fallen soldiers and growing importance of spiritual education of such families. In this regard, this study intended to point out that the Japanese GovernmentGeneral of Korea aimed to make the bereaved families imperial subjects of Japan under the disguise of moral and financial support for them.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.