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Mindfulness Training and Smoking Cessation

  • Journal of Korean society for research on nicotine and tobacco
  • Abbr : J Korean Soc Res Nicotine Tob, JKSRNT
  • 2019, 10(1), pp.13-22
  • DOI : 10.25055/JKSRNT.2019.10.1.13
  • Publisher : Korean Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Preventive Medicine/Occupational and Environmental Medicine > Medical care > Health Behavior
  • Received : May 2, 2019
  • Accepted : June 5, 2019
  • Published : June 15, 2019

Ok Jeung ORD ID 1 Lee, eon sook 2 Paek Yu Ji 3

1서울사이버대학교
2인제대학교
3한림대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

Smoking is a preventable risk factor of many disease such as cancer, cardiovascular disease and premature death. Many smokers want to quit smoking but nicotine dependence makes it hard. There are many smoking cessation interventions including pharmacotherapy and counselling, however, the success rate is low. There is possibility that mindfulness meditation play a role as smoking cessation therapy. Actually, the mindfulness meditation has good evidence on reducing emotional problem such as depression, anxiety, and stress. The meditation could have effect on smoking cessation because it reduce negative emotion, withdrawal symptom and increase coping skills and self efficacy. There are several types of mindfulness meditation such as Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy, and Compassion Focused Therapy. This article showed 7 randomized controlled trials (RCT), 3 cross-sectional studies, and 2 meta-analysis by narrative review. Recently some RCT have shown positive relationship between mindfulness meditation and smoking cessation. However the meditation’s effect did not last in 6month follow up studies. Even though a small number of subjects and low quality in these studies may be a limitation, the mindfulness meditation showed effects reducing craving of smokers during study period. In addition, mindful attention awareness status could be a good predictor of successful smoking cessation. Further good quality studies are necessary to gather evidence clarifying the association between mindfulness mediation and smoking cessation.

Citation status

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