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President Park Chung-Hee’s Greed for Dominance and Oppression during Yushin Regime: The National Council for Unification Subject, President's emergency rule, and Buma Uprising

  • Korea and Global Affairs
  • Abbr : KGA
  • 2017, 1(2), pp.33-84
  • DOI : 10.22718/kga.2017.1.2.002
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Politics and Society
  • Research Area : Interdisciplinary Studies > Interdisciplinary Research
  • Received : August 15, 2017
  • Accepted : September 11, 2017
  • Published : September 30, 2017

Chung, Joo-Shin 1

1한국정치사회연구소

ABSTRACT

This study deals with President Park Chung-hee’s greed for dominance and oppression during the Yushin Regime in the 1970’s and consists of case studies related to anti-democracy of the National Council for Unification Subject, illegality of President's emergency rule and oppression in the process of putting down Buma Uprising. The National Council for Unification Subject was an organization for presidential selection and institutionalized by the enactment of Yushin constitution. Emergency rule was carried into effect as a means to repressing college students and forces out of office for the president’s long-term seizure of power. And Buma Uprising rose against violence in resistance to the Yushin regime and president Park Chung-hee’s greed for dominance and oppression. These case analyses applied the aspects of causal relationship(birth and fall of Yushin Regime), legal system(Yushin constitution and president's emergency rule) and behavior(President Park’s greed for dominance and oppression) for this study. The National Council for Unification Subject institutionalized through Yushin constitution and the Yushin regime formed by emergency rule enabled President Park to cling to long-term seizure of power by means of greed for dominance and oppression. After all, his failure to keep the spirit of the time and stepping stone for democratic constitutional government triggered Buma Uprising, a kind of anti-Establishment movement, and caused the fall of the Yushin regime.

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