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Cyprus conflict and DMZ issues from the perspective of division and reunion

  • Korea and Global Affairs
  • Abbr : KGA
  • 2021, 5(5), pp.63-88
  • DOI : 10.22718/kga.2021.5.5.003
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Politics and Society
  • Research Area : Interdisciplinary Studies > Interdisciplinary Research
  • Received : September 15, 2021
  • Accepted : October 1, 2021
  • Published : October 31, 2021

KIM HYUNJUNG 1

1동아대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the Cyprus conflict and the United Nations Buffer Zone in Cyprus are analyzed from the perspective of division and reunion. In particular, this paper analyzed the division and reunion perspectives, types of separation, internal and external forces exerted on the divided countries, and the political, security, and socio-economic conditions related to the DMZ in preparation for the existing perspectives of division and unification. In the division of Cyprus, internal conflict and international conflicts mediated by Britain-Greece-Turkey acted as a complex cause. As the conflict in Cyprus intensified, UN Security Council No. 186 was adopted in 1964, after which the United States urged the concerned countries for a peaceful resolution. The case of Cyprus can provide a perspective of division and reunion. This is a gradual approach to the process of discussing the gradual reunion method, excluding the historicity of division and the necessity of reunion, and setting the goals to be integrated in economic, welfare, and security interests.

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