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The Compare of Effects on Sensory Integration Therapy and Applied Behavior Analysis on the Decreasing Stereotypic Behaviors in a Child With Autism

  • Korean Journal of Occupational Therapy
  • Abbr : Korean J of Occup Ther
  • 2009, 17(1), pp.17-27
  • Publisher : Korean Society Of Occupational Therapy
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Working Therapeutics

정병록 1 Bo-In Chung 2

1극동대학교
2연세대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Objective : The purposes of this study are to compare the effects of the sensory integration therapy and the applied behavior analysis to decreasing stereotypic behaviors in a child with autism. Methods : This study used an alternating treatment design including baseline. The participant was a boy, age 8 years and 10 months, with autistic disorder. To decrease his stereotypic behavior, we approached the sensory integration therapy and the contingent exercise. Dependent variables were collected by interval recording of video-recording 2 baseline, 10 intervention, 1 generalization while the participant implemented the task. Results : In the intervention, stereotypic behaviors defined to 4 operational definition presented relatively lower frequency than the baseline observation. Especially, rolling the object with thumb and index finger and watching a object in the hand over a second, revealed relatively higher decrease than other behaviors. In the generalization, the decreased stereotypic behaviors except for watching his hand within a span over a second maintained because of low behavior frequency. Conclusion : The results revealed that the sensory integration therapy and the contingent exercise was effective to decrease the stereotypic behavior in participant. However, the comparison of the effects of the two approaches didn't appear the typically differences.

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