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Effect of Basic IQ and Executive IQ on ADL in Stroke Patients

  • Korean Journal of Occupational Therapy
  • Abbr : Korean J of Occup Ther
  • 2012, 20(2), pp.27-39
  • Publisher : Korean Society Of Occupational Therapy
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Working Therapeutics

윤정애 1 Lee Hyang Sook 1 Hong-Keun Kim 2 Hyuk-Cheol Kwon 2

1대전보건대학교
2대구대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Objective : This study was conducted to investigate the cognitive function degree of stroke patients, the difference between Basic IQ(BIQ) and Executive IQ(EIQ), cognitive function related to brain lesion locations, and their impact on the patients’activities of daily living(ADL). Methods : The study was performed on 108 patients hospitalized after a stroke diagnosis. To measure the cognitive scale for older adults, an assessment of their motor and processing skills was used, According to the presence of prefrontal and basal ganglia lesions, the patients’BIQ and EIQ were comparatively analyzed. In addition, which type of IQ has a greater effect on motor and processing skills was investigated. Results : 80.5% of the stroke patients showed cognitive impairment. EIQ showed more significant damage than BIQ, with a statistically significant difference. Depending on four lesion locations, a significant difference was shown between the lesion groups based on BIQ and EIQ. For EIQ, the group with prefrontal and basal ganglia lesions and the group with no lesions showed statistically significant differences. In terms of ADL, the cognitive function affecting the patients’s motor skills was revealed to be both BIQ and EIQ, while the processing skills were only affected by EIQ. Conclusion : This study recognizes the EIQ’s importance in stroke patients’cognitive impairment, which should be considered significant in the assessment of the stroke patients’rehabilitation and intervention plan.

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