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The Relationship Between Body Functions and Activities and the Participation of Community-Dwelling Elderly Persons: Based on ICF

  • Korean Journal of Occupational Therapy
  • Abbr : Korean J of Occup Ther
  • 2012, 20(4), pp.15-28
  • Publisher : Korean Society Of Occupational Therapy
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Working Therapeutics

고효은 1 OH MYUNG HWA 1 Baek Ji Young 1 Lee Jaeshin 2

1동신대학교
2건양대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Objective : The purposes of this study were to examine elderly people's body functions and degree of activity and participation, and to look at their correlation and factors affecting them. Methods : The subjects were 147 elderly people aged 65 or older who have a membership at a senior welfare center. To evaluate their body functions such as their degree of depression,cognitive function and motor function, KGDS, MMSE-K and OPTIMAL were used. Their activity and participation levels were measured using an ICF core set. Results : First, 60 out of the 147 subjects had symptoms of depression (40.7%) and 53 had a degraded cognitive function (36.1%). Their average score for 21 items was 52.17±21.32 out of a total score of 105, and they had difficulties in motor function. Their average score for 30items was 17.95±12.40 out of a total score of 120, and they had mild difficulties in their activities and participation. Second, all three functions had a statistically significant correlation with their activity and participation level. In particular, their movement function had the highest correlation with their activity and participation level. Third, among their body functions, their movement function most greatly influenced their degree of activities and participation, followed by their cognitive function and degree of depression. Conclusion : To improve the various activities and participation of elderly persons, occupational therapists should consider both maximizing their motor functions and minimizing their level of cognitive disorder and depression in practice.

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