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The Preliminary Study on Praxis in Preschoolers in Korea

손미숙 1 김형경 2 맹호경 3 박미진 4 Son, Cho-Rok 5 조소정 6 Kyeong-Mi Kim 7

1Sensory Power 아동·청소년 감각통합 연구소
2서울대학교병원 재활의학과 작업치료실
3분당서울대병원 재활의학과 작업치료실
4청운복지재단 청운어린이집
5화명일신기독병원 소아재활센터 작업치료실
6인제대학교 의생명공학대학 작업치료학과
7인제대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Objective : The purpose of this study was to present a preliminary data of the praxis in Korean preschoolersusing items of SIPT, and to compare the differences in gender. Methods : Fifty typically developing preschool aged children consisting of 27 boys and 23 girls (mean age of75.88 months, SD=4.66) were selected. Each participant was evaluated based on four items selected fromthe SIPT (Postural Praxis, PPr; Praxis on Verbal Command, PrVC; Sequencing Praxis, SPr; Oral Praxis,OPr). This study was conducted from 21st Oct. though 29th Oct. 2011. The collected data were evaluatedusing SPSS version 19.0, and technological statistics were used to analyze the results, including the meansand standard deviations. A t-test was administrated to compare the results of the two different genders. Results : The results showed a mean and standard deviation in PPr of 25.72±4.35, PrVC of 15.62±4.35, SProf 84.52±13.09, and OPr of 31.36±6.01. There was a statistically significant difference in the praxisbetween the two genders (p<.05). Conclusion : This study presents the average score of the praxis in preschoolers. Significant differences in thepraxis were found between the two genders. The reliable information in this study can help therapists whoare willing to evaluate their clients’praxis and to compare the score with those of typical preschoolers. However, an enhanced study has to be conducted with larger numbers of participants, and all items of theSIPT need to be applied.

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