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A Meta-analysis on the Effects of Occupational Therapy Program Intervention for Dementia in the Community

송병남 1 Kang Jin Ho 2 Lee Jaeshin 3

1혜전대학교 작업치료과
2대전요양병원 작업치료실
3건양대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Objective : The purpose of this study was to look at a meta-analysis on the effects of occupational therapy forActivities of Daily Living (ADL), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), Quality of Life (QOL), depressionfrom dementia, and QOL of care givers in the community. Methods : Compliance with a qualitative analysis of the research evaluation framework divided along the subjectand study characteristics was coded. The study used a PEDro score for each section in the evaluation of thequality, and the effect size was determined using the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis 2.0 program. and thus manykinds of subject studies were analyzed based on the sample size, pre-post average, and pre-post standarddeviation in a meta-analysis. Results : The study selected 9 studies with a PEDro score of greater than 5. There were a total of 957participants in selected articles. The effective sizes based on the dementia residents in the community for ADL0.781, IADL 0.155, dementia client’s Quality of life 0.285, depression 0.273, caregivers quality of life 0.455consumption respectively. The effective size of the ADL and QOL, depression from dementia, and QOL of the caregivers was statistically significant (p<.01), which demonstrates a “medium size effect”. Conclusion : Applying occupational therapy for residents with dementia proved to be effective in terms of theirADL, QOL, and depression. A variety of individualized occupational therapy research and applied research areneeded on the level of dementia and age-related cognitive function.

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