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Participation Patterns of Korean Children and Environmental Factors in Community Settings

  • Korean Journal of Occupational Therapy
  • Abbr : Korean J of Occup Ther
  • 2019, 27(2), pp.37-50
  • DOI : 10.14519/kjot.2019.27.2.04
  • Publisher : Korean Society Of Occupational Therapy
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Working Therapeutics
  • Received : November 11, 2018
  • Accepted : February 22, 2019
  • Published : June 30, 2019

Jeong Yunwha ORD ID 1

1전주대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To identify the similarities and differences in community participation patterns and environmentalfactors that affect community participation between Korean children with and without disabilities. Methods: This study used the Korean version of Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth(KPEM-CY) for 184 Korean children with and without disabilities aged 5 to 13 years. Analyses of Covariance(ANCOVA) to control for age and family annual income and Pearson chi-square tests were applied to comparedifferences in KPEM-CY item-level scores between two groups. Results: Compared to typically developing children, children with disabilities lower frequency and extent ofinvolvement and their parents were less satisfied with their children’s community participation. Those parentsreported that there were many factors hindering their children’s participation: cognitive/social abilities needed forcommunity activities, relationship with peers, equipments and supplies, parent’s money and time. otherwise,personal/public transportation and community program/services were supports to community participation. Conclusion: Study findings help to identify limitation in participation of Korean children with disabilities incommunity activities and a lack of environmental factors supporting their participation. It provides occupationaltherapists with the fact that they need to have knowledge about participation concept and interaction betweenparticipation and environmental factors.

Citation status

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