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A Comparison of two Computer-Assisted Cognitive Training Program Outcomes for Breast Cancer Survivors: A Pilot Study

  • Korean Journal of Occupational Therapy
  • Abbr : Korean J of Occup Ther
  • 2019, 27(3), pp.145-156
  • DOI : 10.14519/kjot.2019.27.3.11
  • Publisher : Korean Society Of Occupational Therapy
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Working Therapeutics
  • Received : July 29, 2019
  • Accepted : August 20, 2019
  • Published : September 30, 2019

Theresa M. Smith 1 Karen Ratcliff 2 Theresa M. Smith 1

1Texas Woman’s University, Houston, TX, USA
2University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Breast cancer survivors(BCS) have memory, attention, processing speed, and/or executive functionimpairment affecting their quality of life(QOL) and function. Study aims were: (1) compare computer-assistedcognitive training with visual exercises to one with audio+ visual exercises, and (2) gain insight into therelationship between engagement in meaningful activities, cognitive deficits and QOL. Methods: This pilot study used an experimental design with 24 women. Pre and post measures assessed workingmemory, perceived cognition, QOL and engagement in meaningful activities. Results: Treatment effects were not significant for working memory or engagement in meaningful activities. Visualgroup participants scored significantly better on perceived cognitive function posttest test(M = 91.62, SD = 21.75)than pretest(M = 74.48, SD = 29.00), p = .010 and significantly higher on QOL posttest(M = 6.42, SD = 1.27)than pretest(M = 5.60, SD = 1.76), p = .004. Pretest perceived cognitive function was significantly associatedwith pretest(ρ = .617, p < .001) and posttest(ρ = .436, p < .05) QOL. Conclusion: Computer-assisted cognitive training with visual exercises appears to improve perceived cognitivefunction and QOL for BCS. A positive relationship exists between perceived cognitive function and QOL.

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