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Effects of Work Environment on the Job Satisfaction of Occupational Therapists: Mediating Effect of Empowerment

  • Korean Journal of Occupational Therapy
  • Abbr : Korean J of Occup Ther
  • 2020, 28(3), pp.15-26
  • DOI : 10.14519/kjot.2020.28.3.02
  • Publisher : Korean Society Of Occupational Therapy
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Working Therapeutics
  • Received : February 21, 2020
  • Accepted : June 23, 2020
  • Published : September 30, 2020

Son, Bo-Young 1 Bang, Yo-Soon 2 Lee, Jae-Hyeon 3

1빛고을 전남대학교병원
2광주대학교 작업치료학과
3전남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study analyzes the relationship between an occupational therapist’s work environment, job satisfaction,and empowerment in a hospital-level medical institution. Basic data on the mediating effect of empowerment on therelationship between work environment and job satisfaction are established. Methods: The study period was from November 10 to December 28, 2018, and the subjects were 205 occupationaltherapists working in a hospital in G metropolitan city. The correlations between work environment, job satisfaction,and empowerment were analyzed using a Pearson’s correlation. The mediating effects of the work environment, jobsatisfaction, and empowerment were verified using model 4 of the PROCESS macro. The significance of the indirecteffects was verified through a non-parametric resampling method, which is also known as bootstrapping. Results: There is a statistically significant correlation between work environment, empowerment, and job satisfactionof the occupational therapists, and the work environment had both direct and indirect effects on job satisfaction withempowerment as a mediator. Conclusion: High-quality occupational therapy services can only be expected in an environment in which horizontal,supportive, and flexible relationships that are not characterized by an order and delivery system are combinedwith empowerment to guarantee both autonomy and authority.

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