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Dyeing of PTT Fiber(1)- Effect of Heat Setting on Dyeing and Physical Properties of PTT Fiber -

  • Textile Coloration and Finishing
  • Abbr : Text. Color. and Finish.
  • 2002, 14(5), pp.8-16
  • Publisher : The Korean Society Of Dyers And Finishers
  • Research Area : Engineering > Fiber Engineering > Dyeing Engineering

이두환 1 Dong Seok Jeong 2 Muncheul Lee 1

1부산대학교
2동의대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Poly(trimethylene terephthalate)(PTT) and Poly(ethylene terephthalate)(PET) fibers were annealed at various temperatures ranging from 100℃ to 230℃ for 10 min under tension and tension free. Dyeing rates and absorption isotherms of both fibers were obtained with C.I. Disperse Red 60 at 100, 120 and 130℃ in water system. Also X-ray diffraction pattern, moisture regain and water absorption were investigated. The dyeing rate of PTT fiber is faster than PET fiber, and dyeing of PTT fiber begin at lower temperature compared to PET fiber. The absorption isotherms from both fibers with disperse dye are nearly linear up to the saturation dye uptake, which increase with dyeing temperature. Equilibrium dye uptake of PTT fiber annealed under tension above 180℃ was remarkably decreased because of a changes in the fine structure of fiber. The intensities of X-ray diffraction peaks of both annealed fibers were increased with increasing in annealed temperature. The reflections observed at 2θ= 15.8o, 24o and 25.2o were assigned reflection of crystal at the planes of (0 1 0), (1 2, 1 2), and ( 3, 1 3) respectively, and the peak became sharp with heat setting temperature.

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