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Factors Affecting the Absorption and Diffusion of Disperse Dye in Print Paste for Polyester Film

  • Textile Coloration and Finishing
  • Abbr : Text. Color. and Finish.
  • 2007, 19(6), pp.21-27
  • Publisher : The Korean Society Of Dyers And Finishers
  • Research Area : Engineering > Fiber Engineering > Dyeing Engineering

박건용 1

1청운대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The factors which affect the absorption and diffusion of disperse dye in print paste for polyester film were investigated using film roll method. When Emvatex print paste of different disperse dye concentrations were fixed by high temperature steaming(HTS) for 2 hr at 190℃, the dye uptake and diffusion distance of 50g/kg dye concentration for PET film were very low, but those of 100~300g/kg were increased with increasing dye concentration. It was found that sodium alginate(5%) was more effective for the absorption and diffusion of disperse dye to PET film than CMC(3%) and Emvatex(18%), and Emvatex showed comparatively low absorption in three thickeners used. The dye uptake and diffusion distance of disperse dye in sodium alginate paste for PET film were increased with increasing paste thickness to 160~180μm, but were decreased at 200~220μm in both fixations of baking and HTS for 2 hr at 190℃, and were far more largely increased by fixation of HTS than baking because steam was very important for fixation. Also it was confirmed that dye uptake was slightly increased as steam supply pressure was raised from 1 kg/cm2 to 2 kg/cm2, and the dye uptake and diffusion distance of disperse dye were outstandingly increased with raising fixing temperature from 170℃ to 190℃ and fixing time from 0.5 hr to 3 hr in the fixation of HTS.

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