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Rheological Measurement of Fiber Spinnability of PVA Solution Dopes in DMSO

  • Textile Coloration and Finishing
  • Abbr : Text. Color. and Finish.
  • 2010, 22(3), pp.187-193
  • Publisher : The Korean Society Of Dyers And Finishers
  • Research Area : Engineering > Fiber Engineering > Dyeing Engineering

Dong Wook Chae 1

1경북대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Abstract― The effects of molecular weight (MW) and concentration on the rheological properties of poly(vinyl alcohol)(PVA) solutions in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) were investigated at 30 oC. Ubbelohde viscometer and rotational rheometer were employed for dilute and concentrated regime, respectively. In the dilute regime, the Mark-Houwink exponent (α) of the solutions determined from three different MWs proved 0.73. The critical concentration (C*), in which the entanglement and overlap of polymer molecules began to take place, decreased with increasing the MW of PVA. Huggins constant (KH) values ranged from 0.33 to 0.45 over the MW examined. In the log-log plot of ηsp versus [η]C, the PVA with higher degree of polymerization (DP) gave a greater slope exhibiting the inflection point in the vicinity of C*. In the dynamic viscosity (η')curve, the PVA solutions of DP 1700 presented Newtonian fluid behavior over most of the frequency range examined. However, the lower Newtonian flow region reduced with increasing the DP. As the PVA concentration increased, η' was increased and the onset shear rate for pseudoplasticity was decreased. In the Cole-Cole plot, PVA solutions showed almost a single master curve in a slope of ca. 1.65 regardless of the DP. However, the increase of the concentration from 8 to 12 wt%for PVA solutions of DP 5000 decreased the slope from 1.73 to 1.57. In the tan δ curve, the onset frequency for sol-gel transition was shifted from 154 to 92 rad/s with increasing the DP from 3300 to 5000 and from 192 to 46 rad/s with increasing the concentration from 8 to 12 wt%. In addition, longer relaxation time (λ) was observed with increasing the DP and concentration.

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