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Surface Photooxidation of Poly(butylene terephthalate) Films by UV/Ozone Irradiation

  • Textile Coloration and Finishing
  • Abbr : Text. Color. and Finish.
  • 2016, 28(2), pp.63-69
  • Publisher : The Korean Society Of Dyers And Finishers
  • Research Area : Engineering > Fiber Engineering > Dyeing Engineering

주진우 1 Jang, Jin-Ho 1

1금오공과대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Poly(butylene terephthalate)(PBT) surface was modified by UV/ozone irradiation and the effect of UV energy on the surface properties of the irradiated PBT films were characterized by the reflectance, surface roughness, contact angles, ESCA, and ATR analyses of the film surface. The surface reflectance, at the short wavelength of visible spectrum of particularly 400nm, decreased with increasing UV energy. And the irradiation roughened the film surface uniformly in the nano scale. The maximum surface roughness increased from 110nm for the unirradiated sample to 303nm at the UV energy of 10.6J/cm². The surface energy of PBT film increased from 50.5mJ/m² for the unirradiated PBT to 58.8mJ/m² at the irradiation of 21.2J/cm². The improvement in hydrophilicity was caused by the introduction of polar groups containing oxygens such as C-O and C=O bonds resulting in higher O1s/C1s. The increased dyeability of the modified film to cationic dyes may be resulted from the photochemically introduced anionic and dipolar dyeing sites on the PBT films surfaces.

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