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The Dyeability of Silk Fabrics with Sweet Potato Stem·Leaf Extract

  • Textile Coloration and Finishing
  • Abbr : Text. Color. and Finish.
  • 2016, 28(3), pp.219-229
  • Publisher : The Korean Society Of Dyers And Finishers
  • Research Area : Engineering > Fiber Engineering > Dyeing Engineering

홍보근 1 Jeong Sook Lee 1

1경상대학교 의류학과

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the dyability of silk fabrics with sweet potato setm·leaf extract. To obtain the optimal dyeing conditions it was examined at various dyeing conditions(temperature, pH, time and bath ratio). The dyeability and the depths of shade which were evaluated in terms of K/S and CIELAB color difference values of the dyed and mordanted fabrics were also investigated. After dyeing, various color fastness( wash fastness, dry cleaning fastness, light fastness, rub fastness, and perspiration fastness) was measured and reviewed for UV protective, deodorant and antimicrobial functionality. The optimun output, as a result, was shown at 100% of dye concentration, 90℃ of dyeing temperature and 80 minutes of dyeing time while in terms of dye uptake depending on the kind of mordants and mordanting, it was found that among four mordants of Alk(SO₄)₂, CuSO₄, SnCl₂, and FeSO4, post-mordanting with SnCl₂ showed the best results. Color fastness to dry cleaning, washing and rubbing was found strong at grade 4-5 and the grade to perspiration was as good as 3 while to light fastness was good at 4 as well. In aspects of functional properties, it showed excellent results of 98.3% UV protection rate and 88% deodorization rate, Antibacterial activitiy was 99.9% against staphylococcus aureus and 73.3% against klebisella pneumoniae. In conclusion, we validated that the dyestuffs from the disused sweet potato stem·leaf extract would be useful as a natural dye material using the optimized conditions and dyeability for silk dyeing.

Citation status

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This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.