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A Topic Analysis of Requested Books by User Types at a University Library for Patron-Driven Acquisition

  • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
  • 2024, 58(1), pp.395-415
  • DOI : 10.4275/KSLIS.2024.58.1.395
  • Publisher : 한국문헌정보학회
  • Research Area : Interdisciplinary Studies > Library and Information Science
  • Received : January 22, 2024
  • Accepted : February 13, 2024
  • Published : February 28, 2024

Sanghee Choi 1

1대구가톨릭대학교

Excellent Accredited

ABSTRACT

In the development of a university library’s collection, the concept of patron-driven acquisition refers to a collection strategy that addresses users’ direct information needs. In this study, an analysis of ten years’ worth of book requests by user types was conducted to understand the topic preferences for efficient collection devleopment in the university library. In collection development, identifying subject areas of users’ requested books is necessary for librarians to identify key areas of collection development and establish balanced collection development policies. To identify the major subject areas for each user group, KDC (Korean Decimal Classification) subject classifications were used, and network analysis techniques were applied to investigate the relationships between book topics in detail. The analysis revealed that “social sciences” emerged as the major topic across all user groups. However, in the analysis of sub-topics, “medicine” and “psychology” were distinctively identified as the major subject areas for graduate students, setting them apart from other user groups. The result of the network analysis further indicated that undergraduate students showed unique topics such as civil service, job placement, and career, which were not observed as major topic clusters in other user groups. On the other hand, graduate students tended to concentrate on a few specialized subjects, forming distinct topic clusters in the analysis.

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