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Reforming the Islamic Intellectuality: ‘Re-sacralization of Knowledge’ in Seyyed Hossein Nasr’s Thought

  • Muslim-Christian Encounter
  • Abbr : MCE
  • 2020, 13(1), pp.53-85
  • DOI : 10.30532/mce.2020.13.1.53
  • Publisher : Torch Trinity Center for Islamic Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Christian Theology > Mission Theology
  • Received : January 22, 2020
  • Accepted : April 2, 2020
  • Published : March 30, 2020

Steve Yim 1

1GMP개척선교회

Candidate

ABSTRACT

With the modern worldview and rapid secularization people in the West expected the religions would be disappeared from human minds. But the expectation could not be a fact. The situation goes the opposite. As Peter Berger said de-secularization was going on and the influence of religious fundamentalism became stronger since mid-20th century. Rapid growing of fundamentalism in Islamic world is a good example. Muslim world is facing a challenge. Muslim worldview became rigid and Muslim society is isolated from non-Muslim worlds. It is an urgent question how Islamic world co-exists with other civilizations. Most of ordinary Muslims want to live with non-Muslims peacefully. Many Muslim intelligent who want to reform Islamic closed worldview try to find another way for the future of Islam. The challenge from inside is to rediscover Islamic identity, especially that of Islamic intellectuality. Nasr agrees that the crisis faced by Muslims in the contemporary globalized context is caused by Western secularism which rejects knowledge of the sacred. To overcome it, he argues for the re-sacralization of knowledge which can be accomplished by re-discovering the rich legacy of Islamic philosophy and re-constructing Islamic intellectuality which integrates both reason and spirituality. Nasr raises the critical issue of religious pluralism. Although Nasr believe that Islam is the true religion which contains the absolute truth, he also accepts there are genuine revelations apart from Islam.

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