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A Study on Qur’ān 112 and Its Anti-Christian Polemics

  • Muslim-Christian Encounter
  • Abbr : MCE
  • 2019, 12(2), pp.95-137
  • DOI : 10.30532/mce.2019.12.2.95
  • Publisher : Torch Trinity Center for Islamic Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Christian Theology > Mission Theology
  • Received : September 22, 2019
  • Accepted : September 26, 2019
  • Published : September 30, 2019

황원주 1

1국제환경개발연대

ABSTRACT

This paper takes an exegetical investigation of Q 112 (sūrah al-ikhlaṣ) with a special reference to its anti-Christian polemics. More specifically, this paper asks a question of how this sūrah incorporates the idea of anti-Christian polemic in regards to “al-tawhīd (Islamic monotheism) versus Trinitarian monotheism” as ordinary Muslims understand this sūrah. This study will attempt to incorporate modern revisionist approaches to the Qur’an in addition to the Muslim traditional approach. This study demonstrates that sūrah al-ikhlaṣ itself may not contain as strong textual evidence as one may assume to explicitly prove the doctrine of al-tawhīd. Rather anti-Christian polemic is inserted into the traditional interpretations of sūrah al-ikhlaṣ from the very early period of Islamic history and thus has been transmitted throughout the ages into the contemporary world primarily by a straw man argument.

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