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The Incorporation of East Asia into the World System and the Change of Korean Society in the Late 19th Century

  • 중앙사론
  • 2008, (27), pp.1-46
  • Publisher : Institute for Historical Studies at Chung-Ang University
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Wonho Ha 1

1동국대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The main purpose of this study is to understand the structure of outside pressure. The East Asia society was forced to modernize in the latter of the 19th century. In this changing time we must observe the enemies of outside pressure that impose in three contries of the East Asia. Japan was less outside pressure at modernization process than China by time. Japan established a modern country forced Korea's open door. The relationship between Korea and China traditionally was the tribute system, but treaty with the Korea and Japan was modernistic treaty. So, Korea was placed in complex international relation, the tribute system and modernistic international relation. China tried to make Korea a colony under a pretext of the traditional tribute system. The Western impact forced to change East Asian society, and three countries needed a new ideology for the modern system- Dondoseogi(東道西器) of Korea, Jungcheseoyong (中體西用) of China, Hwahonyangjae(和魂洋才) of Japan. The ideology of modernization in East Asian countries resembles because it was based on Confucian culture, but the contents were different depending on the historic situation of the three countries. Korean society into the world system went through the process of rapid change. Farmers were the economic conditions are worsening, and had resisted the foreign forces in the political and economic aggression.

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