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The Dissolution and change of Bookgando Ganminhoe

  • 중앙사론
  • 2009, (30), pp.205-250
  • Publisher : Institute for Historical Studies at Chung-Ang University
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

박걸순 1

1충북대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The dissolution of Ganminhoe(墾民會) of China on March 1914 failed the self-government trial of the Korean in Bookgando(北間島). Nevertheless, the Korean never stopped trying to organize following organization. They wanted to make self-government real and solve the problems like education and unemployment. After the dissolution of Ganminhoe the Korean tried to make Korean organization until 1919 when they made Daehan-Gookminhoe(大韓國民會) and this reflects their will. We used to understand that the reason of the dissolution of Ganminhoe were the confrontation and conflict between Ganminhoe, Nongmuhoe(農務會) and Gonggyohoe(孔敎會), but we can see the fundamental reason was the interest between China and Japan. The final source was the submission of China by the pressure of the imperialist Japan. After the dissolution of Ganminhoe, the Korean tried to succeed it. They made the following new organization or reorganized and united the affiliated organization of Ganminhoe. First of all, Maningye(萬人契) started its operation. Second, Jang-up-hoe(獎業會) stood up for the prohibition of any political behavior and for the unemployment and education. Jang-up-hoe tried to unite Ganminhoe and Nongmuhoe and expand its territory. They couldn't get the formal authorization, however, because of the pressure of the imperialist Japan. Dongjehoe(同濟會) was the following organization integrating the affiliated organization on April 1914. Imperialist Japan regarded Dongjehoe as the same organization of Ganminhoe and put pressure on China to dissolve it at last. On December 1917, 149 people with Jung An-lip(鄭安立) petitioned China government for the establishment of Organization for Dongsung Korean Livelihood (東省韓族生計會). This organization included various national activities not only from Ganminhoe on included but Nongmuhoe. China regarded this organization as Korean Independent Organization and Japan also thought it as the secret organization for Independence. In short, the formation and dissolution of the succeeding organization after the dissolution of Ganminhoe shows us the will of self-government and the restoration of the national power, but it also reflects the process of the fail of the trial by China and Japan like the change of the preceding organizations of North-Gando Ganminhoe.

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