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The Educational Meaning Transition of Illustrations on 『IL-EO DOK-BON』 for Elementary Japanese language textbook published by Department of Education in the Colonial Age

  • 중앙사론
  • 2014, (39), pp.41-76
  • Publisher : Institute for Historical Studies at Chung-Ang University
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Sung, Yun-A 1 KIM EUN KYUNG 1

1상명대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

『IL-EO DOK-BON』was Japanese language textbook the were written by the Japanese. However the illustrations of the book were also imply the political intentions of Japanese colonial government and describe the other side of the colonial educations. The illustrations were used for a visual tool, giving an indirect experience to Korean children who changing for Japanese needs. Such an educational methods made those children eager to for modernize and yearn for Japan without resistance to forced education. The effect was further good in senior. The illustrations of 『IL-EO DOK-BON』are classified by definition of ideological, practical and identificational education for Korean children. Educational meaning transition as follows; ①Confucian virtues in Chosun (for example; filial duty, brotherly/ sisterly love, and comradeship, gender roles) were also important to Japanese subjects for colonial rule. ② There are many illustrations that empathized the public morality and order in the basic modern country. ③ 『IL-EO DOK-BON』had an intention to create an obedient people in colony through the appearance of children that being diligent, working hard and keeping promise. ④ The illustrations of 『IL-EO DOK-BON』, as a second language textbook, contains the moral principle of ruler in order to present the appearance of an ideal Japanese to Korean children in colony. ⑤ It was shown the appearance of modernized Japan and that of primitive Chosun so that the children disparage their nation by themselves and can yearn for Japan. Colonial Government and Department of Education had done the educational goal with the technical education for increasing the labor than human based higher education. That was practical education what they had been said. But, in the inside of that, the education had intended to create the obedient and increasing labor in their colony. And they had an intention to use Korean labor as a Japanese growth engine, and that was reflected the illustrations. It was established the basis of colonial education. The illustrated contents had been settled as a educational tool for changing Korean to faithful Japanese. This education prevent from Korean national education and had an intention to justify Japanese annexation of Chosun through the colonial education.

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