본문 바로가기
  • Home

The Study of Changes in Marriage Ritual at the Beginning of Chosun dynasty - Focused on the marriage ritual under the reign of King Sejong -

  • 중앙사론
  • 2014, (40), pp.5-42
  • Publisher : Institute for Historical Studies at Chung-Ang University
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Mi-Sook Hwang 1

1중앙대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of Chinyeongrye’s, (it is called “Jujagare” in Korea), during marriages of noblemen during the late 1400s and early 1500s (it is called “Ryumal Seoncho” in timeline of Korean history), was to establish sovereignty and royalty among Korean people. In this context, the doctrine emphasized hierarchy in human relations and self-control for the individual based on Neo-Confucianism, which became quite rigid and conservative. The clan rule significantly emphasizes the hierarchy of family structure. During the late 1400s and early 1500s, bureaucrats followed the clan rule with characteristics of society under the Joseon Dynasty. In the late 1400s, the noblemen had noticed the importance of marriage rituals, as they raised political status because in the in society during that time. In addition, they tended to consider the meaning of marriage as a way of extending their social power strongly insisted on the very strict enforcement a marriage system, like “Jujagare” based on the “chinyeongrye” so that they maintained the social hierarchy and had political power. In fact, the noblemen who aimed at extending their political power had been interfered with their political efforts by marriages ritual. Thus, marriage ritual should be necessarily reformed by bureaucrat’s nobleman. Then, they used to Confucian ethics and philosophy to change the marriage ritual. Basically, the of emphasized personal and governmental morality. Comparison with Chinese system, the male-chauvinistic rule as ‘Gagye Gyeseung of Jeokjangja’, which the line of for males in the family is determined by birth order was not simply applied in Joseon Dynasty, due to the difference in the root of the history. By the time at the beginning of Joseon Dynasty, the marriage ritual was settled by politicians who were the founders of the dynasty. By contrast, the power was owned to make decisions the rule by scholars at “Jiphyeonjeon” during the reign of King Sejong. In particular, King Sejong actively supported “Jujagare” for the family and strongly pressured to apply “Great Ming Code” for the marriage to establish the rule. As a political issue and a major reason of the founding of the dynasty, an official argument for the reform was changed during the reign of King Sejong who accentuated the ideological principles of the ritual, which were influenced by Chinese “Gorye”. In other words, the official arguments during the reign of King Sejong were different in the comparison with the discussion at the beginning of Jeoseon Dynasty because King Sejong fundamentally focused on legislation to the and. The study of Gorye was begun in earnest by scholars at Jiphyeonjeon. Consequently, the scholars had explored “Jujagare” to get deeper insights. As a result, a marriage ritual was changed from “Seoryubugahonsok” to “Jujagare” based on the “Chinyeongrye” by some royal families. Indeed, other reforms were consequently enforced: punishment for “Jongja” who ruined the ancestral shrine and discarded ancestral tablet, penalty for head of householder, system of “Seungjung”, and funeral rites for step-mother, and so on. According to the reforms of marriage ritual, the politicians during the reign of King Sejong found new various social systems to establish public older in the society. Through understanding the reforms of marriage ritual, this reflected with a truing point at changing the marriage ritual from blood minded ritual to orthodox theory. Bureaucrats importantly considered the reforms of marriage ritual. It was involved to the reformation which was forced the people to keep the capital of a kingdom as a major political factor. “Jujagare” works as an essential base for maintaining social order for the citizens during Joseon Dynasty. Therefore, although the noblemen confined themselves, they tried to strictly adhere to the reformed marriage law.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.