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Traces of ‘Entangled Powers’ in Jeju 4·3 Peace Park

  • 중앙사론
  • 2015, (42), pp.113-157
  • Publisher : Institute for Historical Studies at Chung-Ang University
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

홍순용 1 Yook Young Soo 1

1중앙대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Jeju 4·3 Peace Park is the conclusion place for the resolution project of the Jeju 4·3 Incident with a governmental initiative since Kim Dae Jung regime. And it is the combined outcome of ‘making of 4·3 memory’ together with central and local governments, representatives of military and police, 4·3 families of the deceased, 4·3 movement groups, and so on. This means that competing traces among various powers that participated in the development and operation of 4·3 Peace Park remained in the space. Hence, 4·3 Peace Park exhibits the memories of 4·3 to demonstrate the ‘history of 4·3 resolution’ together driven since the government of the people. The scenery of the external space in 4·3 Peace Park reflects the changes of 4·3 arguments upon the regime and the traces of powers back and forth according to their changes. In addition, the permanent exhibition hall within 4·3 Peace Park is the place to be materialized by the issues related to 4·3. 4·3 movement groups that participated in the foundation of permanent exhibition hall tried to fill in the place of the silence in which Fact-finding report on the Jeju 4·3 Incident could not expose. However, this had been divided by two trials. One was the trial to criticize the fact that positivism historical view of one journalist to collect the facts on 4·3 Incident for more than 20 years and to follow the truth was missing, and the other was the trial of structuralism historical view to criticize the fact that the governmental fact finding excluded another leading part, armed group from the incident. The fierce history writing war between these two historical views resulted in the form of ‘entangled’ at the permanent exhibition hall in Peace Park. In this article, the space of Jeju 4·3 Peace Park was analyzed in view of ‘past liquidation on 4·3 Incident and peaceful history making’ rather than finding the truth of Jeju 4·3 Incident.

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