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Education of the Taiwan Natives during the Japanese Colonial Period - Focusing on Kyoyooksodohwachup(敎育所圖畵帖)

  • 중앙사론
  • 2015, (42), pp.243-279
  • Publisher : Institute for Historical Studies at Chung-Ang University
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

KIM EUN KYUNG 1

1상명대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Kyoyooksodohwachup(敎育所圖畵帖) is the first elementary drawing textbook for the children of the Taiwan natives in the special ruling district during the Japanese colonial period. The purpose of this study is to clarify the goal and meaning of the education for Taiwan natives implemented by Japan through analyzing Kyoyooksodohwachup. Due to the Taiwan- indigenous-affair-unification policy issued in 1931, Kyoyooksodohwachup, on the basis of developing children's ability to express freely and fostering their sense of beauty, aimed at cultivating national character as a Japanese. Topics of each unit were mainly selected from the surrounding sceneries or the real life to enhance objective cognition and description ability. However, those topics visualizing convenience of transportation through developing mountain areas, modernization through technical development, and order and norm observance through civilization implied the purpose of enhancing Japanese colonization. Especially, the national flag of Japan was intentionally placed in every scenes that interest the children in order to improve their positive cognition towards the nation. This proves that topics in each unit of Kyoyooksodohwachup attributed not only to improving the cognition of objects and expression skill, but also to breaking down the bad customs of the natives, inspiring patriotism and training them as a Japanese through the symbolism of visual images.

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