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The United Kingdom’s System and Strategy of Counterterrorism Crisis Management : Practices, Problems and Policy Implications

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2010, 6(1), pp.82-100
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general

Taeyoung Yoon 1

1경남대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to examine how UK has reformed its counterterrorism acts, counterterrorism system and strategy against changing terrorist threats in UK. In aftermath of 9/11 terrorist attacks, the UK government has enacted terrorism-related acts. Moreover, the UK has reformed counterterrorism organizations and published a series of reports on strategy for countering terrorism. However, in the wake of the London terrorist attacks on 7 July 2005, the UK re-examined and re-ordered its intelligence and counterterrorism system. Since then, the UK has faced many terrorists activities and has been vulnerable to being used as a base for Al Qaeda in Europe. In response to these threats, the UK created the Joint Terrorism Analysis Centre(JTAC) in 2003 and the Office for Security and Counter-Terrorism(OSCT) in 2007 and set out comprehensive counterterrorism strategy. In addition, the Cabinet Office has strengthened the roles of coordination and control in counterterrorism crisis management since 2008. Nevertheless, the scale of violent extremists threat is potentially still increasing and is not likely to diminish significantly from some years. In the near future, UK should further enhance coordination and cooperation in intelligence, surveillance, and response between intelligence agencies and police to respond to threats from the Al Qaeda leadership and their immediate associates, Al Qaeda affiliates, and self-starting networks.

Citation status

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