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Effects of Safety Education on the Public Safety Consciousness Index(PSCI) and Self-efficacy of the Emergency Response in University Students

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2014, 10(10), pp.1-18
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general

OGCHEOL LEE 1

1중앙대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of safety education on the safety consciousness and self-efficacy of the emergency response in university students. The study design was single group, pre- and post-test quasi-experimental study. The participants were 63 students who were given 25 hours of safety education including cardiopulmonary resuscitation(CPR). The instruments were the Public Safety Consciousness Index(PSCI) and self-efficacy index. The data were analyzed by the t-test and ANOVA using SPSS 21.0 program, and 1-sample proportions test using the R version 3.02. The results showed that the average percentile score of PSCI was increased significantly from 59.20 to 67.20 which is moderate level. After receiving safety education, one third of the participants were promoted from moderate to excellent level. The average percentile score of the self-efficacy of emergency response was increased significantly from 51.16 to 80.95. The willingness to provide CPR to family(100%) and others(76.2%) were significantly increased. In conclusion, safety education raises the safety consciousness and increase the self-efficacy of the emergency response. Universities are recommended to provide safety-related subjects to encourage students to attain the excellent level of the PSCI. These results suggest that the government renew the PSCI tool, develop a life-cycle specific map for safety education, and provide a monitoring system.

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