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The Second Transition of Political Elites in China: A Response to National Crisis

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2017, 13(7), pp.143-155
  • DOI : 10.14251/crisisonomy.2017.13.7.143
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general
  • Received : June 5, 2017
  • Accepted : July 10, 2017
  • Published : July 31, 2017

JooJang Hwan 1

1한신대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study aims to characterize the 18th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). It argues that, after the first transition of Chinese political elites from revolutionary cadres to technocrats in the post-reform era, the second transition occurred in the 18th Central Committee of CCP with a shift from technocrats to ‘generalist cadres’. The latest leading elite types of generalist cadres in CCP tend to be college graduates in humanities and social sciences with work experience in the Party or government-related organizations. The emergence of this new leading elite type indicates that China has entered a new post-revolution and post-industrialization era. Unlike the ‘lions’ in the revolutionary era or the ‘foxes’ in the industrialization era, the new leaders tend to maintain more generalist characteristics than elitist or populist in order to resolve the crises of national disparity and imbalance.

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