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An Education System for Collaborative Governance in Disaster Management - A Comparative Study of South Korea, the U.S. and Japan -

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2019, 15(9), pp.1-15
  • DOI : 10.14251/crisisonomy.2019.15.9.1
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general
  • Received : August 9, 2019
  • Accepted : September 24, 2019
  • Published : September 30, 2019

Youngmi Yoo 1 Kim, Eunhee 1 Leegyochang 1 Jia Zhao 2 Soo Young Kim 3

1부산대학교
2
3부산가톨릭대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

With the frequent occurrence of large-scale disasters, the importance of collaborative governance through mutual cooperation among government, private sector, and civil society in disaster management has been gradually increased. In South Korea, disaster management tasks mostly belong to the public sector, without sufficient collaboration with private sector and civil society. Therefore, it is critical to enhance disaster management capacity by raising disaster knowledge of participants. This study intends to draw implications by comparing disaster education systems in Korea with other developed countries such as the U.S. and Japan. The results of the study are as follows. First, related laws should be reorganized to ensure legal stability and justifiability. Second, it is necessary to check and improve the disaster management infrastructure including community-level action. Third, based on the improvement of disaster awareness, disaster education system should be strengthened within a cooperative governance framework. As a result, disaster prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery activities would become effective through the establishment of an education system that strengthens communication, improves knowledge and clarify the roles of all stakeholders.

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